This project investigated the rise and development of the world’s first “global economy” in the context of human-environment interaction from early times to the present day.
The region under study was the Indian Ocean world (IOW), an arena of primary geo-political importance that includes eastern Africa, the Middle East, Southeast Asia and emerging superpowers China and India. Human-environment interaction was a central theme. Rejecting environmental determinism, the project highlighted the impact upon human life of natural factors such as the monsoons, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), cyclones and volcanic eruptions, and human agency in responding to and reshaping the IOW environment and economy.
For more information, see: https://www.mcgill.ca/iow-mcri/