Angela Schottenhammer

Angela Schottenhammer

Dr. Schottenhammer is a Professor of Non-European and World History in the History Department, University of Salzburg, Austria, and is an adjunct professor of the History Department, McGill University.

From 2006 to 2008, Dr. Schottenhammer was a Professor of Chinese Studies at Marburg University, Germany. She then moved to Mexico in 2009 to become a Full Professor of Pre-modern Chinese History at El Colegio de México and was Professor of Chinese Studies at Ghent University, Belgium, from 2009 to 2013. She is also the director of the Crossroads Research Centre .

For her research, see Dr. Schottenhammer researches the ancient and contemporary history of China with a main focus on politico-economic and socio-cultural history; the history of China’s foreign relations, particularly maritime exchange relations; tomb inscriptions; and aspects of the history of science and technology. Her periods of focus include the late Tang, Wudai and Song-Yuan periods; the Ming and early to high Qing dynasties; and contemporary China.

Crossroads Research Centre: History of Interaction in the East Asian, Eurasian, Indian Ocean & Asia-Pacific Worlds

This research centre focuses on the variety of interactions, communications and exchange relations in the macro-region of Eurasia, East Asia, the Asia-Pacific and the Indian Ocean world across both land and sea routes. We are exploring both continental and maritime “silk routes” in the macro region of East Asia in their historical dimensions, focusing on the interconnectedness of the various regions along these two “silk routes” and investigating a wide range of sources from archaeological findings to texts, documents and pictorial material to linguistic evidence, with a main focus on China. Current research analyses in a comparative manner the continental and maritime Silk Roads as conduits of science and technologies, in the context of human-environment interaction.

A historical-archaeological research project investigating trans-Pacific trade and exchanges (including smuggling and migration) between East Asia and Latin America (approx. 16th to 18th centuries), with a special focus on the Philippines as an Asian and Spanish “periphery” and a crossroads between the East and South China Seas, the Indian Ocean and the Pacific is currently in preparation.


MCRI Team 3 – East Asian Mediterranean

China and the Maritime World, 500 BC to 1900[1800]: A Handbook of Chinese Sources on Maritime History

Seafaring, Trade and Knowledge Transfer: Maritime Politics and Commerce in Early Middle Period to Early Modern China

Océanides – Centre de Recherches


A = Archaeology
C = Culture
E = Economic History, Trade and Commerce
EAC = East Asian Context/Maritime History
I = Intellectual History/Philosophy
L = Literature
P = Philology
SS = State & Society, Social History
T = History of Science and Technology
Editor of the Online Journal Crossroads – Studies on the History of Exchange Relations in the East Asian World

Subtitles (Chinese, Japanese, Korean):
縱横 – 東亞世界交流史研究
クロスロード – 東アジア世界の交流史研究
크로스로드 – 東아시아 世界의 交流史 研究

Editor of Dongya jingji yu shehui wenhua luncong 東亞經濟與社會文化論叢, sub-series East Asian Maritime History


2014 Yang Liangyaos Reise von 785 n.Chr. zum Kalifen von Bagdad. Eine Mission im Zeichen einer frühen sino-arabischen Mächte-Allianz? [Yang Liangyao’s Journey of 785 AD to the Caliph of Bagdad. A Mission on Behalf of an Early Sino-Arabic Power Alliance?] [Reihe Gelbe Erde] (Gossenberg: Ostasien Verlag, 2014), 88 pages. (EAC, C, SS, E, T)

2002 Das songzeitliche Quanzhou im Spannungsfeld zwischen Zentralregierung und maritimem Handel. Unerwartete Konsequenzen des zentralstaatlichen Zugriffs auf den Reichtum einer Küstenregion (Song Time Quanzhou in a Conflict Situation Between Central Government and Maritime Trade: Unexpected Consequences of the Central Government’s Grasp at the Wealth of a Coastal Region) (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2002). Münchener Ostasiatische Studien 80. 428 pages. (Habilitation thesis) (E, C, SS, EAC, T)

1995 Grabinschriften in der Song–Dynastie (Tomb inscriptions in Song China). Inaugural–Dissertation zur Erlangung der Doktorwürde (eingereicht im August 1993) (Heidelberg: edition forum, 1995). Würzburger Sinologische Schriften. 214 pages. (I, P, C, SS)

1993 Zufußgehen und Zubodenfallen. Gespräche mit Liao Mosha über den Beginn der Kulturrevolution (Walking and Falling Down: Talks with Liao Mosha on the Cultural Revolution) (Heidelberg: edition forum, 1993). Würzburger Sinologische Schriften. 79 pages. (L, C, SS)

Books (as editor or co-editor):

Forthcoming: Angela Schottenhammer (ed.), Transfer, Exchange, and Human Movement across the Indian Ocean World [Palgrave Series in Indian Ocean World Studies], 2 vols. (London: Palgrave Macmillan) (scheduled 2017) (T, C, E, SS)

2016 – together with Franz Gmainer-Pranzl, Wissenschaft und globales Denken [Salzburger interdisziplinäre Diskurse] (Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2016) (C, I, SS)

2014 Tribute, Trade, and Smuggling: Commercial, Scientific and Human Interaction in the Middle Period and Early Modern World/Tributo, Comercio y Contrabando: Interacciones Comerciales, Científicas y Humanas en el Mundo de la Edad Media y Moderna (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2014). [East Asian Maritime History, 12]. (Bilingual English-Spanish) (EAC, T, E SS).

2011 – together with Peter Feldbauer, Globalgeschichte 1000-1250 (Wien: Mandelbaum Verlag, 2011). (C, E, EAC, SS)

2011 Taiwan – A Bridge Between the East and the South China Sea (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2011). East Asian Maritime History, 11. (E, EAC, SS)

2010 Trading Networks in Early Modern East Asia (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2010). East Asian Maritime History, 9. 220 pages. (E, EAC, SS)

2009 – together with Bert G. Fragner, Ralph Kauz, Roderich Ptak, Pferde in Asien: Geschichte, Handel und Kultur / Horses in Asia: History, Trade and Culture (Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2009). 301 pages. (C, SS, EAC, E)

2008 The East Asian Mediterranean – Maritime Crossroads of Culture, Commerce, and Human Migration (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2008). East Asian Maritime History, 6. 399 pages. (SS, C, E, EAC)

2007 The East Asian Maritime World, 1400-1800. Its Fabrics of Power and Dynamics of Exchanges (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2006). East Asian Maritime History, 4. 283 pages. (SS, C, E, EAC)

2006 Chinas Eintritt in die Weltpolitik. Außenpolitisches Handeln am Beispiel Europas und Koreas (China’s Entry into World Policy. Foreign Policy Behaviour in Relation to Europe and Korea). Hamburg Bd. 396. (Hamburg: 2006). 179 pages. Mitteilungen des Instituts für Asienkunde. (E, SS, EAC, C)

2006 – together with Roderich Ptak, The Perception of Maritime Space in Traditional Chinese Sources (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2006). East Asian Maritime History, 2. 207 pages. (EAC, E, SS, C)

2005 Trade and Transfer across the East Asian “Mediterranean” (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2005). East Asian Maritime History, 1. 344 pages. (EAC, E, SS, T, C)

2003 Auf den Spuren des Jenseits – Chinesische Grabkultur in den Facetten von Wirklichkeit, Geschichte und Totenkult (On the trails of the netherworld – Chinese burials in the facets of reality, history and the cult of the dead) (Frankfurt, Wien, Bern: Peter Lang, 2003). 234 pages. (I, C, P, SS)

2001 The Emporium of the World: Maritime Quanzhou, 1000–1400 (Leiden, Boston, Köln: E. J. Brill 2001). Sinica Leidensia 49. 449 pages. (E, SS, EAC, T)

Articles (refereed):

2016– “Yang Liangyao’s Mission of 785 to the Caliph of Baghdād: Evidence of an Early Sino-Arabic Power Alliance?”, Bulletin d’École Française d’Extrême Orient 101 (2015), 177-241. (A, EAC, C, SS, E, T)

2016 – “Seafaring, Trade, and Knowledge Transfer:  Maritime Politics and Commerce in Early Middle Period to Early Modern China”, Crossroads – Studies on the History of Exchange Relations in the East Asian World 11 (2015), introductory article by the author, 1-30; in total, with contributions by Kimura Jun, Li Man, Ma Guang, Mathieu Torck, Wim De Winter, and Elke Papelitzky, 150 pages. (A, EAC, T, C, E)

2016 – “China’s Gate to the South – Guangzhou:  The Importance of Iranian and Arab Merchants for Tang Period Long-distance Maritime Trade (to c. 978/9)”, Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 76:1 (2016), in press (A, EAC, C, E, SS)

2016 –  “785年杨良瑶出使巴格达哈里发:早期中-阿力量联盟的证据?”, in Zhang Shimin 張世民 (ed.), 杨良瑶 (Xi’an: Xi’an ditu chubanshe, 2016), in press (A, EAC, C, SS, E, T)

2016 – “The Maritime Relations between the Indian Ocean and the China Sea in the Middle Ages”, Océanides 2016 (c. 10 pages, in press) (A, EAC, C, SS, E)

2015 – “China’s Gate to the South: Iranian and Arab Merchant Networks in Guangzhou During the Tang-Song Transition (c.750–1050), PART II: 900–c.1050”, AAS Working Papers in Social Anthropology/ÖAW Arbeitspapiere zur Sozialanthropologie 29 (2015), 1-30. (A, EAC, C, SS, E, T)

2013 – “The Diaoyu 釣魚 Islands  in Traditional Chinese Sources: An Introduction”, Crossroads – Studies on the History of Exchange Relations in the East Asian World 7 (2013), 1-24. (A, EAC, C, SS, E)

2013 – “Empire and Periphery? The Qing Empire’s Relations with Japan and the Ryūkyūs (1644–c. 1800), a Comparison”, The Medieval History Journal 16:1 (2013), 139-196 (EAC, E, I, SS)

2012 – The “China Seas” in world history: A general outline of the role of Chinese and East Asian maritime space from its origins to c. 1800“, Journal of Marine and Island Cultures 1 (2012), 63-86 (EAC, E, SS).

2011 – “Appendix to Angela Schottenhammer, ‘Brokers and ‘Guild’ (huiguan 會館) Organizations in China’s Maritime Trade with her Eastern Neighbours during the Ming and Qing Dynasties’, Crossroads – Studies on the History of Exchange Relations in the East Asian World 3 (2011), 21-52 (EAC, E, SS).

2011– “帝国与边缘:1644年至19世纪清朝与日本及琉球关系比较研究” (Empire and Periphery: The Qing Empire’s Relation with Japan and the Ryukyus (1644-1800): A Comparison), Haiyangshi yanjiu 海洋史研究 = Studies of Maritime History 2 (2011), 226-245 (EAC, E, SS).

2010 – “Brokers and ‘Guild’ (huiguan 會館) Organizations in China’s Maritime Trade with her Eastern Neighbours during the Ming and Qing Dynasties”, Crossroads 1/2 (2010), 99-150 (EAC, E, SS).

2010 – “Corredores y  ‘gremios’ (huiguan 會館) en el comercio marítimo chino con sus vecinos del este durante las dinastías Ming y Qing”, Estudios de Asia y África, núm. 143 (3), vol. XLV, septiembre-diciembre 2010, págs. 567-630 (EAC, E, SS).

2009 – “A Buried Past: The Tomb Inscription (muzhiming) and Official Biographies of Wang Chuzhi 王處直 (863–923)”, JESHO 52:1 (2009), 15-56, special issue from an AAS panel 2007 (A, I, C, P, SS)

2008 – “Japan – the tiny dwarf? Sino-Japanese relations from the kangxi to the early qianlong reigns”, Asia Research Institute Working Paper Series No. 106 (2008), National University of Singapore, Singapore, to be downloaded from the ARI website under (EAC, T, C, SS, E)

2006 – “Wang Chuzhi muzhiming de zai kaocha – guanyu Wudai jiedushi jieji de yixie daode yu yishi xingtai qushi 王處直墓誌銘的再考察——關於五代節度使階级裡的 一 些道德及意識形態趨势”, Zhonghua wenshi luncong 中華文史論叢 4 (2006), 161-180. (I, P, C, SS)

2006 – Takatsu Takashi 高津孝, Angela Schottenhammer アンゲラ•ショッテンハマ–, “Ryūkyū hyakumon to Tokashiki Tsūkan <琉球百問>と渡嘉敷通寛”, Kagodai shigaku 鹿大史学 (2006), 19-31. (C, T, EAC)

2006 – „China und der Handel – ein historischer Rückblick. Gründe für die Seeverbotspolitik (haijin 海禁) der frühen Ming-Regierung (1368–1644) und deren Aufhebung im Jahre 1567“ (China and her trade – an historical review. Reasons for the maritime prohibition policy of the Ming government and its abolition in 1567), Dosŏ munhwa 島嶼文化 25 (2005), 129-160 (in German and Korean translation by Dr. Koh Heyryun) (SS, E, T, C)

2005 – “Die finanzpolitische Bezugnahme des songzeitlichen Staates (960– ca. 1100) auf den Reichtum seiner Gesellschaft, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Reformperiode unter Wang Anshi“ (The financial reference of the Song government to the wealth of its society, under particular consideration of the reform era under Wang Anshi), Oriens Extremus 44 (2003/4), 179-210. (SS, E, T, C)

2005 – “Fifty Years of Socialism in China – From the Self Assertion of a Communist Regime to the New Middle Kingdom”, Internationales Asienforum (05/2000), 1-33. (SS, E, EAC)

2000 – „China und Ostasien im Jahre 1000“ (China and East Asia around 1000), Periplus 2000, 13–55 (Einzelbeitrag zu einem Sonderband über die Welt um 1000). „Dokumente zum Thema“,120–123. [The introduction of the article has not been written by the author but by one of the editors of Periplus]. (EAC, SS, E, C)

1999 – “Quanzhou’s Early Overseas Trade: Local Politico–Economic Particulars During its Period of Independence”, Journal of Sung Yuan Studies 29 (1999), 1-41. (A, E, SS, C, EAC)

1996 – “Deng Xiaoping und der ‘Sozialismus chinesischer Prägung’” (Deng Xiaoping and the Socialism with Chinese Characteristics), Asien 3:61 (Okt.1996), 70-79. (SS)

1996 – “On the Necessity of Corruption amongst the Members of the Chinese Communist Party”, IIAS–Yearbook 1995, 61-71. (SS, C)

1995 – “Inschriften aus Handel und Gewerbe: Die ökonomischen Verhältnisse in Suzhou in der Späten Ming– und der Qing–Dynastie” (Inscriptions on Trade and Commerce: The Economic Situation in Suzhou in the Late Ming and the Qing Dynasty), Oriens Extremus 9/10 1995, 109-149. (A, E, SS, C)

Articles (non-refereed):

2006 – “Bohimei kenkyū ni okeru shiseki no zhūyōsei 墓誌銘研究における石刻の重要性”, in Hiseki wa kataru 碑石は語る. (Tōkyō: Bensei shuppansha, 2006), 82-93. アジア遊学 Intriguing Asia, no 91. (A, I, P, C)

Book chapters:

2016 –  “War and Peace along the Historical Silk Roads”, in Wen Versus Wu. Streit und Streitschlichtung, Krieg und Frieden in der chinesischen Tradition und Gegenwart Harmonie im Zeichen der Neuen Seidenstraße (Wien: 2016), 21-39. (EAC, C, E, SS)

2016 –  “Sinologie und Globalität. Praktische Erfahrungen vom 17./18. Jahrhundert bis heute, in Angela Schottenhammer, Franz Gmainer-Pranzl (Hrsg.), Wissenschaft und globales Denken [Salzburger interdisziplinäre Diskurse] (Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2016), 35-54. (C, I, SS)

2016 –  “The Song 宋 Dynasty (960–1279) – A Revolutionary Era Turn?”, in Kósa Gábor (ed.), China across the Centuries [Budapest Monographs in East Asian Studies] (Budapest: ELTE University, Department of East Asian Languages, 2016), in press (C, SS, EAC, T, I, E)

2016 – “Buddhismus als Mittel der Herrschaftslegitimation  von Wu Zetian 武則天 (reg. 690–705), der einzigen Frau der chinesischen Geschichte mit dem Kaisertitel”, in Arno Strohmeyer (Hrsg.), Religion und Politik – historische und systematische Dimensionen eines aktuellen Spannungsverhältnisses, in press (I, C, SS)

2015–  “The Emergence of China as a Maritime Power”, chapter 7 of vol. 5 of The Cambridge History of China, vol. 5, part Two, The Five Dynasties and Sung China, 960–1279, ed. by John W. Chaffee und Paul J. Smith (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), 437-525 (E, SS, EAC, C)

2014 –  “Erdbeben in China: Entzug des ‚Himmlischen Mandats’ oder Verlust des Yin-Yang-Equilibriums“, in Ilja Steffelbauer, Christa Hammerl (eds.), Naturkatastrophen. Dramatische Naturereignisse aus kulturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive (Wien: Mandelbaum Verlag, 2014), 90-129, cf. (T, I, SS, A, L)

2014 – “Exchange of Medicinal Knowledge and Specialists in Early Modern East Asia: The Triangle of China, Japan and the Ryūkyū Islands”, in Angela Schottenhammer (ed.), Tribute, Trade, and Smuggling: Commercial, Scientific and Human Interaction in the Middle Period and Early Modern World/Tributo, Comercio y Contrabando: Interacciones Comerciales, Científicas y Humanas en el Mundo de la Edad Media y Moderna (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2014), 165-188. East Asian Maritime History, 12. (T, EAC, SS)

2014 – “Sino-arabische Beziehungen im 8. Jahrhundert: Eine frühe pan-asiatische Mächte-Allianz?”, in Birgit Tremml-Werner, Eberhard Crailsheim (Hg.) Audienzen und Allianzen Interkulturelle Diplomatie in Asien und Europa vom 8. bis zum 18. Jahrhundert (Wien: Mandelbaum Verlag, 2014), 34-53. (EAC, C, SS)

2013 – “The East Asian ‘Mediterranean’: A Medium of Flourishing Exchange Relations and Interaction in the East Asian World”, chapter 4 of Peter N. Miller (ed.), The Sea: Thalassography and Historiography. (Ann Arbor: Michigan University Press, 2013), 109-144. (EAC, SS, E)

2013 – “China: Medieval era migrations”, in Immanuel Ness (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration, vol. II (2013), 995-1004. (EAC, SS, E)

2013 – “Huihui Medicine and Medicinal Drugs in Yuan China”, in Proceedings of the International Workshop Eurasian Influences on Yuan China: Cross-cultural transmissions in the 13th and 14th centuries. (Singapore: NUS Press, 2013), chpt. 4, 75-102 (EAC, C, T, SS)

2012 – “Maisō sareta koku — Ō Shūshi no bohimei to retten” 埋葬のされた過去—王處直の墓誌銘と列傳, in Sue Takashi須江隆 (ed.), Ishibumi to chihōshi no ākaibuzu o saguru 碑と地方志のアーカイブズを探る. (Tōkyō : Kyūko Shoin, 2012), 5-51. (A, C, I, SS)

2012 – „Westasiatisch-muslimische (Huihui 回回) Medizin und Ärzte im yuanzeitlichen China (13./14. Jh.)“ (West-Asiatic Muslim Medicine and Physicians in Yuan China), in Michael Borgolte (Hrsg.), Migration als transkulturelle Verpflechtung im mittelalterlichen Jahrtausend. Europa, Ostasien und Afrika im Vergleich (Migration as Trans-cultural Network in the Middle Period Millenium. Europe, Africa, and Asia in Comparison) (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2011), 34-54. (EAC, C, T, SS, E)

2012 – “Brokers and “Guild” (huiguan 會館) Organizations in the Sino-Japanese Copper Trade during the Qing Dynasties”, in Billy So Kee Long et al. (ed.), 明清時期江南市場經濟的空間、制度與網絡 The Market Economy of the Lower Yangzi Delta in Late Imperial China: Space, Institutions and Networks (London: Routledge, 2011), 278-299. (E, EAC, SS, C)

2011 – „Die Song-Dynastie: Eine revolutionäre Zeitenwende“ [The Song Dynasty: A Revolutionary Turning Point], in Angela Schottenhammer, Peter Feldbauer (Hrsg.), Die Welt 1000-1250 [The World, 1000-1250]. (Wien: Mandelbaum Verlag 2011, 24-61). (E, EAC, SS, C)

2011 – „Blütezeit eines Reiches: China” [Heydays of an Empire: China], in Bernd Hausberger, Jean-Paul Lehners (Hrsg.), Die Welt im 18. Jahrhundert (The World in the 18th Century) (Wien: Mandelbaum Verlag, 2011), 327-361. (E, EAC, SS, C)

2010 – “The Liao 遼 Period (907-1127) Xuanhua 宣化-Tomb Complex (11th/12th centuries): an example of cultural and religious diversity and assimilation”, in Adelheid Hermann-Pfandt (Hrsg.), Festschrift für Christoph Elsas (Marburg: 2010), 8 pp. and 12 ill., 239-260. (C, SS)

2010– “Characteristics of Qing China’s Maritime Trade Politics, Shunzhi through Early Qianlong Reigns”, in A.S. (ed.), Trading Networks in Early Modern East Asia (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz), 101-154. [East Asian Maritime History, 9]. (EAC, SS, E, C)

2010 – “The transfer of Xiangyao 香藥 from Iran and Arabia to China – A Reinvestigation of Entries in the Youyang zazu 酉陽雜俎 (863)”, in Ralph Kauz (ed.), Interaction on the Maritime Silk Road: From the Persian Gulf to the East China Sea (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2010), 117-149. East Asian Maritime History, 10 (E, EAC, T, C)

2010 – Annotation of the Ryukyu-chapters of Fernão Mendes Pinto in Fernão Mendes Pinto and the Peregrinação. Studies, Restored Portuguese Text, Notes and Indexes, directed by Jorge Santos Alves, 4 vols. (Lisbon: Fondação Oriente, 2010), vol. 3. chpts. 138-143, 180-186.

2009 –  “Chūgoku keizaishi no kenkyū ni okeru kahei to kahei seisaku: futatsu no jiri to sore ni kansuru kenkai 中国経済史の研究における貨幣と貨幣政策: 二つの事例とそれに関する見解” (Money and monetary policy in the study of Chinese economic history: Two examples and some related observations), in Ihara Hiroshi (ed.), 『宋銭の世界』[The World of Song Money] (Tōkyō: Bensei shuppansha, 2009), 219-250 (E, EAC, SS)

2009 – “Vom mongolischen Teilreich zum neuen Reich der Mitte”, in Thomas Ertl (Hrsg.), Die Welt, 1250 bis 1500 (The World 1250 to 1500) (Essen: Magnusverlag 2009), 355-382. Globalgeschichte. Die Welt 1000–2000 (Global History. The World 1000–2000). (EAC, SS, C, T, E)

2009 – Lemma „Ostasiatische Wirtschaft“ (East Asian Economy), in Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit [Encyclopaedia of Early Modern Times], Band „Globale Interaktion“, „Chinesische Welt“ (Global Interaction, Chinese World). (Stuttgart: Metzler Verlag, 2009). (E, SS, EAC, C, T)

2009 – “Horses in late Imperial China and Maritime East Asia: An Introduction into Trade, Distribution, and other Aspects (c. sixteenth to eighteenth centuries)”, in Bert G. Fragner, Ralph Kauz, Roderich Ptak, Angela Schottenhammer (eds.), Pferde in Asien: Geschichte, Handel und Kultur / Horses in Asia: History, Trade and Culture (Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2008), 231-254. Denkschriften der phil.-hist. Klasse 378, Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Iranistik, 46 (C, SS, EAC, T, E)

2008 – „China – ein Weltreich im Umbruch“ (China – an Empire in Transformation), in Peter Feldbauer, Bernd Hausberger (Hrsg.), Globalgeschichte, 17. Jahrhundert (The World in the 17th Century) (Essen: Magnusverlag, 2008), 275-310. Globalgeschichte. Die Welt 1000–2000 (Global History. The World 1000–2000). (EAC, SS, C, T, E)

2008 – “Japan – the tiny Dwarf? Sino-Japanese Relations from the Kangxi to the Early Qianlong Reigns”, in Angela Schottenhammer (ed.), The East Asian Mediterranean – Maritime Crossroads of Culture, Commerce, and Human Migration (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2008), 331-388. East Asian Maritime History, 6. (EAC, T, C, SS, E)

2008 – „Eine chinesische Weltordnung: Ostasien“ (A Chinese World Order: East Asia), in Peter Feldbauer, Jean-Paul Lehners (Hrsg.), Die Welt im 16. Jahrhundert (The World in the 16th Century) (Essen: Magnusverlag, 2008), 290-334. Globalgeschichte. Die Welt 1000–2000 (Global History. The World 1000–2000). (EAC, SS, C, E)

2007 – „Sklaverei im alten China und in Ostasien“ (Slavery in ancient China and East Asia), Lemma im Handwörterbuch der antiken Sklaverei (Encyclopeadia of Ancient Slavery), hrsg. von Ingomar Weiler und Johannes Deißler (Mainz: Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, 2007). 3 pages. (SS)

2007 – „Gräber und Jenseitsvorstellungen im alten China“ (Tombs and Perceptions of Death in Ancient China), in Christoph Elsas (Hrsg.), Sterben, Tod und Trauer in den Religionen und Kulturen der Welt. Gemeinsamkeiten und Besonderheiten in Theorie und Praxis (Hamburg: E.B. Verlag 2007), 65-85. (C, I)

2007 – „Europäer in chinesischen Schriften des 16.–19. Jahrhunderts“ (Europeans in Chinese sources, 16th through 19th centuries), Schriften zur Geschichtsdidaktik 22 (2007), Europa in historisch-didaktischen Perspektiven, hrsg. von Bernd Schönemann und Hartmut Voit, 45-60. (SS, C, T)

2007 – “The East Asian Maritime World, 1400–1800. Its Fabrics of Power and Dynamics of Exchanges – China and her Neighbours”, in A. S. (ed.), The East Asian Maritime World, 1400-1800. Its Fabrics of Power and Dynamics of Exchanges (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2007), 1-86. (SS, C, E, EAC)

2006 – „Schiffahrt und Überseebeziehungen bis ins 3. Jahrhundert: Ein Überblick“ (Shipping and maritime relations until the 3rd century CE: an overview), in Michael Friedrich (Hrsg.), Han-Zeit. Festschrift für Hans Stumpfeldt aus Anlaß seines 65. Geburtstages (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2006599-621. (C, EAC, T, E)

2006 – “The Sea as Barrier and Contact Zone: Maritime Space and Sea Routes in Traditional China”, in A.S., Roderich Ptak, The Perception of Maritime Space in Traditional Chinese Sources (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2006), 3-13. East Asian Maritime History, 2. (EAC, E, C)

2005 – “The ‘Fujian yanhai hangwu dang’an 福建沿海航務檔案’ (jiaqing 嘉慶 period): A Qing Dynasty Collection on Shipbuilding, Customs and Trade, and Sea Transportation in Fujian”, in Christine Moll-Murata, Song Jianze, Hans Ulrich Vogel (eds.), Chinese Handicraft Regulations of the Qing Dynasty: Theory and Application (München: Iudicium Verlag, 2005), 513-518. (T, EAC, C, E)

2005 – “The ‘Liuqiu baiwen 琉球百問’ (Hundred Questions from the Liuqius; 1859) by Cao Cunxin Renbo 曹存心仁伯 (1767–1834): an example of an intercultural encounter in the field of medicine”, Angela Schottenhammer, Trade and Transfer across the East Asian”Mediterranean” (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz), 235-274. East Asian Maritime History 1 (EAC, T, C, E)

2004  – „Kriege und Barbaren im China des späten 8. bis frühen 10. Jahrhunderts“ (Wars and Barbarians in late 8th to early 10th century China), in Thomas Kolnberger, Ilja Steffelbauer et al., Krieg und Akkulturation (War and Acculturation) (Wien: Mandelbaum Verlag), 64-84. (C, I, SS)

2004 – „Landwirtschaftliche Entwicklungen in Ostasien, 16. bis 19. Jahrhundert“ (Agricultural developments in East Asia, 16th to 19th centuries), in Sepp Linhart, Susanne Weigelin-Schwiedrzik (Hrsg.), Ostasien 1600–1900. Geschichte und Gesellschaft (East Asia, 1600–1900. Sate and Society) (Wien: Promedia Verlag), 139-158. (T, SS, EAC, E)

2004 – “Slaves and Forms of Slavery in Late Imperial China (17th to early 20th Century)”, Gwyn Campbell (ed.), The Structure of Slavery in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia (London: Frank CASS Publishers), 143-154. (SS, E, C)

2003 – „China und die Ryukyu–Inseln während der Ming– und Qing–Dynastie: Einige Beispiele zum Produkte– und Ideenaustausch im Bereich der Medizin“ (China and the Ryukyu Islands during the Ming and Qing Dynasties: Some Examples on the Exchange of Goods and Ideas in the field of Medicine), Roderich Ptak, Claude Guillot, and Jorge M. dos Santos Alves (Hrsg.), Mirabilia Asiatica. Produtos raros no comércio marítimo. Produits rares dans le commerce maritime. Seltene Waren im Seehandel (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz), 85-119. South China and Maritime Asia, 11. (EAC, T, E, C)

2003 – „Einige Überlegungen zur Entstehung von Grabinschriften“ (Some reflections on the origins of tomb inscriptions), Angela Schottenhammer, Auf den Spuren des Jenseits – Chinesische Grabkultur in den Facetten von Wirklichkeit, Geschichte und Totenkult (Frankfurt, Wien, Bern: Peter Lang), 21-60. (I, P, SS)

2003 – “Das Grab des Wang Chuzhi 王處直 (863–923)“ (The tomb of Wang Chuzhi), A. Schottenhammer, Auf den Spuren des Jenseits – Chinesische Grabkultur in den Facetten von Wirklichkeit, Geschichte und Totenkult (Frankfurt, Wien, Bern: Peter Lang), 61-118. (C, I, P)

2001 – „China: Ein Emporium der wirtschaftlichen Prosperität“ (China: An Emporium of Economic Prosperity), Edelmayer/Feldbauer (Hrsg.), Weltgeschichte, 1450–1620. Ein langes 16. Jahrhundert? (Ringvorlesung zur Globalgeschichte an der Universität Wien) (Wien: Promedia/Verein für Geschichte und Sozialkunde)., 179-197. SS, E, C)

2001 – „Hainans politische und ökonomische Anbindung an das Festland während der Song–Dynastie“ (Hainan’s Political and Economic Relation with the Chinese Mainland during the Song Dynasty), Roderich Ptak, Claudine Salmon (Hrsg.), De la Chine à l’Asie du Sud-Est / Von China nach Südostasien (Konferenzband) (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz), 35-81. (SS, C, E, EAC)

2000 – „Kommunikation, Transport und Verkehr“ (Communication, Transport, and Exchange), F.–J. Brüggemeier, E. Schenkluhn, Die Welt im Jahr 1000 (Freiburg, Basel: Herder Verlag, 2000), 251-300. (E, EAC, C)

2000 – “The Role of Metals and the Impact of the Introduction of Huizi Paper Notes in Quanzhou on the Development of Maritime Trade during the Song Period”, A. Schottenhammer (ed.), The Emporium of the World. Maritime Quanzhou, 1000-1400 (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2001), 95-176. Sinica Leidensia, 49. (E, SS, EAC, C)

1999 – “Quanzhou’s Maritime Trade and the Indian Ocean in Ancient Times”, Himanshu P. Ray (ed.), Archaeology of Seafaring: the Indian Ocean in the Ancient Period (New Delhi: Indian Council of Historical Research, 1999), 245-264. (E, EAC, C)

1999 – Co–author in: F.–J. Brüggemeier, G. Hoffmann, Menschen im Jahr 1000. Ein Lesebuch (People Living in the Year 1000. A Reader) (Freiburg, Basel, Wien: Herder Verlag, 1999). (C, SS)

1998 – “The Maritime Trade of Quanzhou from the 9th through the 13th Centuries”, Stephan Conermann (Hrsg.), Asien und Afrika. Der Indische Ozean in historischer Perspektive (Asia and Africa. The Indian Ocean in Historical Perspective) (Hamburg: E.B.–Verlag, 1998), 89-108.

1998 – “Politics and Morality in Song China: Sima Guang as a Typical Example”, in: New Developments in Asian Studies, ed. by Paul van der Velde und Alex McKay (London, New York: Keagan Paul, 1998), 77-91. (E, C, EAC)

1994 – “The Characteristics of Song Time Epitaphs”, Dieter Kuhn (Hrsg.), Burial in Song China (Heidelberg: edition forum, 1994), 253-306. Würzburger Sinologische Schriften. (C, I, P, SS)

Book Reviews:

2016 – Paul A. Van Dyke, Merchants of Canton and Macao, vol. 1, Politics and Strategies in Eighteenth-Century Chinese Trade (Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2011), 545 pages; vol. 2, Success and Failure in Eighteenth-Century Chinese Trade (Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2016), 443 pages, in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Hong Kong Branch, (2016) 215-223.

2013 – Review of Andrew Edmund Goble, Confluences of Medicine in Medieval Japan: Buddhist Healing, Chinese Knowledge, Islamic Formulas, and Wounds of War (Honololu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2011), 224 pages, in Journal of Asian History 47.2, (2013) 252-254.

2012 – Review of James M. Hargett (translation and Introduction), Treatises of the Supervisor and Guardian of the Cinnamon Sea. The Natural World and Material Culture of 12th Century South China. Fan Chengda (1126-1193). Seattle, London: University of Washington Press, 2010.  LXVI, 349 pp., 2 maps, glossary, Monumenta Serica LX (2012), 561-562.

2011 – Review of Derek Heng, Sino-Malay Trade and Diplomacy from the Tenth through the Fourteenth Century. Ohio: Centre for International Studies, Ohio University, 2009, xvi + 286 pages, including 11 colour plates, 12 maps, 10 tables, Journal of Sung Yuan Studies (2011), 435-438.

2011 – Review of François Gipouloux, La Méditerranée asiatique. Villes portuaires et réseaux marchands en Chine, au Japon et en Asie du Sud-Est, XVIe-XXIe siècle. Paris: CNRS Éditions, 2009. 480 pp., 12 maps, tables, glossary and index, in T’oung Pao, 4-5:96 (2010), 581-585.

2010– Review of Helwig Schmidt-Glintzer, Kleine Geschichte Chinas. München: C. H. Beck 2008, in Historische Zeitschrift (HZ) 290 (2010), 713-714.

2010– Review of Robert J. Anthony, Jane Kate Leonard, Dragons Tigers, and Dogs. Qing Crisis Management and the Boundaries of State Power in Late Imperial China. Ithaca, New York: East Asia Program, Cornell University, 2002, in Monumenta Serica (2009), 551-553.

2010– Review of Leonard Blussé, Visible Cities. Canton, Nagasaki, and Batavia and the Coming of the Americans. Xi +133, 1 map, index (Cambridge, Mass., London: Harvard University Press, 2008), in Social History 35:1 (2010), 119-120.

2009– Review of Ann Jannetta, The Vaccinators. Smallpox, Medical Knowledge and the ‘Opening’ of Japan, xviii, 245 pp. (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007), in Journal of World History (2009), 156-158. (EAC, T, E, C, SS)

2008 – Hugh R. Clark, Portrait of a Community. Society, Culture, and the Structures of Kinship in the Mulan River Valley (Fujian) from the Late Tang through the Song, xiv, 473 pp. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 2007, in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, SOAS (2008), 3 pages. (SS, C)

2006 – “Claudine Salmon, Roderich Ptak (eds.), Zheng He. Images & Perceptions. Bilder & Wahrnehmungen. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz 2005. South China and Maritime Asia”, Archipel 71 (2006), 244-248. (EAC, SS, C, E)

2005 – Christian Lamoureux, Fiscalité, comptes publics et politiques financières dans la Chine des Song. Le chapitre 179 du Songshi. Paris: Collège de France, Institut des Hautes Études Chinoises, 2003. Institut des Hautes Études Chinoises, in Oriens Extremus (2003/04), 275–279. (E)

2005 – Roderich Ptak, China, the Portuguese, and the Nanyang. Oceans and Routes, Regions and Trade (c. 1000-1600). (Variorum Collected Studies Series, 777) xii, 304 pp. Aldershot, Hampshire: Ashgate Publishing Company, 2004”, in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, SOAS (2005), 496-498. (E, EAC)

2005 – Herbert Franke, Krieg und Krieger im chinesischen Mittelalter (12. bis 14. Jahrhundert). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag 2003. Münchener Ostasiatische Studien, Bd. 81“, in Oriens Extremus 44 (2003/04), 279-281. (SS, C)

2004 – Claudia Derichs, Thomas Heberer (Hrsg.), Einführung in die politischen Systeme Ostasiens. Opladen: Leske & Budrich 2003, Asien 2 (2004), 132-133. (SS, EAC)

2003 – Franz Sauter, Tonale Musik. Anatomie der musikalischen Ästhetik. Books on demand 2001” Online–Rezension (T, C)

2002 – Iwo Amelung, Der Gelbe Fluß in Shandong (1851–1911). Überschwemmungskatastrophen und ihre Bewältigung im China der späten Qing–Zeit. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz 2000. Opera sinologica 7”, Orientalische Literaturzeitung 2001/02, pp. 117–121. (T, SS, E, C)

2002 – So Kee Long, Prosperity, Region, and Institutions. The South Fukien Patterm 946–1368. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 2000. Harvard University Asia Center, Business History Review 2002, pp. 220–223. (E, EAC, SS, C)

2002 – Tak–Wing Ngo (ed.), Hong Kong’s History. State and Society under Colonial Rule. London, New York: Routledge 1999″, IIAS Newsletter 27 (2002), 35. (SS, E, C) 

2001 – Robert Ash, Werner Draguhn (Hrsg.), China’s Economic Security. Richmond: Curzon Press 1999, Internationales Asienforum (01–02/2001), 175-177. (E, SS)

2000 – Hsing–Ch’a Sheng–Lan. The Overall Survey of the Star Raft by Fei Hsin. Tranl. by J. V. G. Mills. Revised, annotated and edited by Roderich Ptak, Orientalistische Literaturzeitung (2000), 218-221. (EAC)

1999 – Claude Guillot, Denys Lombard, Roderich Ptak (ed.) From the Mediterranean to the South China Sea: Miscellaneous Notes. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz 1998, Periplus 1999, 173-177. (EAC, SS)

1995 – Chen Zhi’e, Bei Song wenhuashi shulun. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe 1992 (Discussion of the Cultural History of Northern–Song), Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, 02 (1995), 365372. (C, I)

Newspaper articles:

01/1997 – „Korruption und Reformprogramm sind nicht voneinander zu trennen. Die Liberalisierung der chinesischen Wirtschaftsform und ihre Folgen“ (Corruption and Reform Programme are Inseparable. The Liberalization of the Chinese Economy and its Consequences), Frankfurter Rundschau (18.01.1997), 6. (SS, E)

08/1996 – “The Overseas Trade of Quanzhou in the Song Dynasty”, IIAS Newsletter 9 (1996), 45. (E, EAC, C)

10/1996 – “The World Power China. The Hungry Giant”, IIAS–Newsletter 10 (1996), 36-37. (SS)

30/12/1995 –  „Die Rückkehr in den Frühling des Lebens”, Deutsche Tagespost (30.12.95) (C)

17/11/1995 – „Deng Xiaopings Weg zur marktwirtschaftlichen Revolution. Das Programm für den Sozialismus chinesischer Prägung. Ein historischer Überblick“, Frankfurter Rundschau (17.11.95).  (SS)

12/08/1995 – „In Jade geformte Weisheit und Schönheit: Die Grabkultur im alten China spiegelt das gesellschaftliche Leben wider“ (Wisdom and Beauty Formed in Jade: The Tomb Culture in Ancient China Reflects Details of Social Life), Deutsche Tagespost (12.08.95) (C)

In preparation (selection): 

China’s administration of maritime trade: From the Maritime Trade Office (shibo si) to the Customs House (haiguan), East Asian Maritime History. [This monograph is designed as a handbook for China’s maritime trade administration during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, including extensive lists of persons in office] (EAC, E, SS, C)

–  Together with Tansen Sen and Geoffrey Wade (eds.), Chinese Sources on Maritime Asia: A Manual for Historians [Handbuch der Orientalistik] (Leiden: E. J. Brill).

– Angela Schottenhammer, Maritime and Coastal Space on Traditional Chinese Maps (monograph)

Contact Information

Universität Salzburg
Fachbereich Geschichte
Rudolfskai 42, Zi 1026
A-5020 Salzburg, Austria
angela.schottenhammer [at]