IOWC Associate: James Francis Warren

Emeritus Professor James Warren has held positions at the Australian National University, Yale University, Murtdoch University,  and,  as a Professorial Research Fellow at the Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University and the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore. He has been awarded grants by the Social Science Research Council and the Australia Research Council and is a Fellow of The Australian Academy of the Humanities. Professor Warren's major publications include, The Sulu Zone, 1768-1898 (1981); Rickshaw Coolie: A People's History of Singapore,1880-1940 (1986); At the Edge of Southeast History (1987); Ah Ku and Karayuki-San :Prostitution and Singapore Society,1870-1940 (1993); The Sulu Zone, the World Capitalist Economy and the Historical Imagination (1998);  Iranun and Balangingi: Globalization, Maritime Raiding and the Birth of Ethnicity (2001); and Pirates ,Prostitutes and Pullers Explorations in the Ethno- and Social History of Southeast Asia (2008). In 2003, he was awarded the Centenary Medal of Australia for service to Australian society and the humanities in the study of Ethnohistory, and in 2103, the Grant Goodman Prize in Historical Studies by the Philippine Studies Group of the Association for Asian Studies (AAS). 
 
 
Professor Warren currently coordinates two large multi-disciplinary Australia Research Council Projects concerned with the history of the Indian Ocean World: ‘Pearls ,People and Power:
Global Commodity History and Material Culture in the Transformation of the Indian Ocean World, 16th -20th Centuries’( 2015-2018)  and,  ‘ Hazards, Tipping Points, Adaptation and Collapse in the Indo-Pacific World, Post 1000 CE (2016-2018).
 

Contact Information
School of Arts Asian Studies and History Programs
Murdoch University
South Street
Murdoch, 6150 Perth
Western Australia
J.warren@murdoch.edu.au

Publications

Books


Forthcoming Typhoon: Climate, History and Society in the Philippines. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press.

2008 Pirates,Prostitutes and Pullers: Explorations in the Ethnohistory and Social History of Southeast Asia. Crawley: University of Western Australia Press.

2007 Ah Ku and Karayuki-san: Prostitution in Singapore. (1870-1940). Tokyo: Hosei Daigaku. (Japanese translation) - theatre adaptation

2007 The Sulu Zone, 1768-1898: The Dynamics of External Trade, Slavery and Ethnicity in the Transformation of a Southeast Asian Maritime State. Singapore: Singapore University Press. (A new paperback edition with a new introduction.)

2003 Rickshaw Coolie: A People's History of Singapore 1880-1940. Singapore: Singapore University Press. (A new paperback edition with new introduction ("My Grandfather in the Cellar" by Kuo Pao Kun - An adaptation in Chinese of Rickshaw Coolie for the theatre, 1989).

2003 Ah Ku and Karayuki-San: Prostitution and Singapore Society, 1870-1940. Singapore: Singapore University Press. - theatre adaptation

2002 Iranun and Balangingi: Globalization, Maritime Raiding and the Birth of Ethnicity. Singapore: Singapore University Press. - theatre adaptation

2002 Globalization, Maritime Raiding and the Birth of Ethnicity. Quezon City: New Day Publishers. (Nominated as a finalist for the National Book Awards in the Philippines in the Social Science category.)

2000 The Global Economy and the The Sulu Zone Connections, commodities and Culture. Quezon City: New Day Publishers.

1998 The Sulu Zone, The World Capitalist Economy and the Historical Imagination. Amsterdam: Free University Press.

1993 Ah Ku and Karayuki-san: Prostitution in Singapore (1870-1940). Singapore: Oxford University Press. - theatre adaptation

1987 At the Edge of Southeast Asian History: Essays by James Francis Warren. Quezon City: New Day Press.

1986 The Sulu Zone, 1768-1898: The Dynamics of External Trade, Slavery and Ethnicity in the Transformation of a Southeast Asian Maritime State. Quezon City: New Day Press.(Reprint)

1986 Rickshaw Coolie: A People's History of Singapore, 1880-1940. Singapore: Oxford University Press.

1986 A Guide to the George L. Peet Collection on Malaysia and Singapore. Murdoch, WA: Murdoch University Library.

1981 The Sulu Zone, 1768-1898: The Dynamics of External Trade, Slavery and Ethnicity in the Transformation of a Southeast Asian Maritime State. Singapore: Singapore University Press.

1971 The North Borneo Chartered Company's Administration of the Bajau, 1878-1909. Southeast Asia Series Monograph no. 22. Athens, OH: Ohio University.

Articles

2012 "Saltwater Slavers and Captives in the Sulu Zone, 1768-1898." In Maritime Slavery, edited by Philip D. Morgan. London: Routledge.

2012 "Metaphorical Perspectives of the Sea and the Sulu Zone, 1768-1898." In Peoples and the Sea: Thalassography and Historiography in the 21st Century, edited by Peter N. Miller. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

2012 "Japanese Brothel Prostitution, Daily Life, and the Client, Singapore, 1870-1940." In Sex, Power and Slavery: The Dynamics of Carnal Relationships under Enslavement in the Indian Ocean World, edited by Elizabeth Elbourne. Athens: Ohio University Press.

2012 "Weather, History and Empire: The Typhoon Factor and the Manila Galleon Trade, 1565-1815." In Anthony Reid and the Study of the Southeast Asian Past, edited by Geoff Wade and Li Tana, 183-220. Singapore: Institute for Southeast Asian Studies.

2012 "Kiko hendo, shokuryo seisan, noson shakai:1582 nen kara 2009 nen no Firipini." ("Climate Change, Food Production and Agrarian Society: the Philippines, 1582-2009.") Translated by Yasuyuki Kono in Chikyuken Seimeiken no sensairyoku: Nettai chiiki shakai no sezon kiban (The Potentiality of Geosphere and Biopshere: Exploring the Tropical Humanosphere), edited by Yanigaswa Masayuki, Kono Yasuyuki, Kozan Osamu and Kanzaki Mamoru, 39-67. Kyoto: Kyoto daigaku gakujutsu shuppankan(Kyoto University Press).

2011 "The Balangingi Samal: 'Pirate Wars', Dislocation and Diasporic Identities." The Great Circle 33.2: 43-66.

2011 "The Global Economy and the Sulu Zone: Connections, Commodities and Culture." Crossroads Studies on the History of Exchange Relations in the East Asian World 3: 53-126. (Abstracts in English, Chinese, Japanese and Korean.)

2011 "Climate,natural hazards and change in Southeast Asia." Asia Currents February: 7-9.

2010 "The Iranun and Balangingi Raids: Saltwater Slavers and Captives in Southeast Asia, 1768-1898." Special issue of Slavery & Abolition 31.3: 429- 450.

2010 "The Port of Jolo: International Trade and Slave Raiding." In Pirates, Ports and Coasts in Asia, edited by John Kleinen and Manon Osseweijer, 178-199. Singapore: ISEAS.

2009 "Singapore History through the Looking Glass: Reflections on Musuems Memory, History and the Arts." In The Past in the Present: Histories in the Making, 11-36. Singapore: National Heritage Board.

2009 "The Sulu Zone: Commerce and the Evolution of a Multi-Ethnic Polity, 1768-1898." In Southeast Asia and China (17th-18th century) vol. 3, edited by Geoff Wade, 223-229. London: Routledge and Curzon.

2009 "Scientific Superman: Fr. Jose Algue, Jesuit Meteorology and the Philippines under American Rule, 1897- 1924." In Colonial Crucible: Transitions and Transformations in American Empire, edited by Alfred McCoy and Fransisco Scarano, 508-519. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

2007 "The Port of Jolo and the Sulu Zone Slave Trade: An 1845 Report." The Journal of Sophia Asian Studies 25: 65-80.

2007 "A Tale of Two Centuries: The Globalization of Maritime Raiding and Piracy in Southeast Asia at the end of the Eighteenth and Twentieth Centuries." In A World of Water Rain, Rivers and Seas in Southeast Asian Histories, edited by Peter Boomgaard, 125-152. Leiden: KITLV Press.

2006 "Who were the Balangingi Samal? Slave Raiding and Ethnogenesis in Nineteenth Century Sulu." In On the Margins of Asia Diversity in Asian States, edited by Charles Keyes, 53-68. Ann Arbor: Asian Studies Association of America.

2004 "Rickshaw Pullers, Prostitutes and 'Pirates': Researching and Writing about Southeast Asia and the People without History." Taiwan Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 1.1: 1-17.

2004 "The Karayuki San of Singapore, 1877-1941." Translated into Spanish in Sexualidades del Pacifico Diferentes Culturas Sexuales in Asia y Oceania, edited by Jose Antonio Nieto. Revista Espanola del Pacifico 16.14: 115-56.

2003 "The Structure of Slavery in the Sulu Zone in the Late Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries." Slavery & Abolition 24.2: 111-128.

2003 "A Tale of Two Centuries: The Globalization of Maritime Raiding and Piracy in Southeast Asia at the end of the Eighteenth and Twentieth Centuries." Asia Research Institute Working Papers no.2.

2003 "The Global Economy and the Sulu Zone: Connections, Commodities, and Culture." In Sea Change Historicizing The Oceans, edited by Bernard Klein and Gesa MacKenthun, 55-74. London: Routledge.

2003 "The Structure of Slavery in the Sulu Zone in the Late Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries." In Structure of Slavery in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia, edited by Gwyn Campbell, 11-128. London: Routledge.

2003 "The Balangingi Samal: The Global Economy, Maritime Raiding and Diasporic Identities in the Nineteenth Century Philippines." Asian Ethnicities 4.l: 7-29.

2001 "Savagism and Civilization: The Iranun, Globalization and the Literature of Joseph Conrad." Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 74.1: 43-69.

2001 "Iranun and Balangingi: Globalization, Maritime Raiding and the Birth of Ethnicity." Borneo Research Bulletin 32: 126-145.

1997 "The Sulu Zone in the Nineteenth Century." In The World of 1896, 202-205. Manila: Ateneo de Manila University Press.

1997 "The Bird's Nests of Borneo." In The Encyclopedia of Malaysia Vol. VII Political and Economic Transformation, 28-29. Kuala Lumpur: Editions Didier Millet.

1997 "Slave Trading and Markets of Borneo." In The Encyclopedia of Malaysia Vol. VII Political and Economic Transformation, 32-33. Kuala Lumpur: Editions Didier Millet.

1997 "The Sulu Zone, The World Capitalist Economy and the Historical Imagination: Problematizing Global Cultural Interconnections and Interdependencies." Southeast Asian Studies 35.2: 177-222.

2000 "Lives of the Ah Ku and Karayuki-san of Singapore: Sources and Methods." In Researching the Fragments: Towards a History of Women in the Asian Context, edited by C. Brewer and A. Medcalf, 87-102. Manila: New Day Publishers.

1998 "Slavery in Southeast Asia." In A Historical Guide to World Slavery, edited by S. Drescher and S. Engermann, 80-87. New York: Oxford University Press.

1997 "The Sulu Zone, The World Capitalist Economy and the Historical Imagination: Problematizing Global Cultural Interconnections and Interdependencies." In Proceedings of The International Symposium Southeast Asia: Global Area Studies for the 21st Century, 23-82. Kyoto: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University.

1996 "Opening up Asian Studies: An External Review." In Toward an Integrated Approach to Global Area Studies: An External Review: International, 28-35. Kyoto: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University.

1996 "Looking Back on 'The Sulu Zone': State Formation, Slave Raiding and Ethnic Diversity in Southeast Asia." Journal of the Malaysian Branch Royal Asiatic Society 69.1: 21-33.

1996 "'Bajau-Meniti Zaman': A Report." Sama Bajau Studies Newsletter 1.2: 12-17.

1995 "A Strong Stomach and Flawed Material: Towards the Making of a Trilogy, Singapore, 1870-1940." Southeast Asian Studies 33.2: 245-264.

1995 "Who were the Balangingi Samal: Slave Raiding and Ethnogenesis in 19th Century Sulu." In Buckfast to Borneo: Essays Presented to Father Robert Nicholl on the 85th Anniversary of His Birth 27 March 1995, edited by A.V.M. Horton and V. King, 521-535. Centre for Southeast Asian Studies: University of Hull Press.

1995 "Capitalism and Addiction: The Chinese, Revenue Farming and Opium in Colonial Singapore and Java, 1800-1910." Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars 27.1: 59-72.

1994 "Chinese Prostitution in Singapore: Recruitment and Brothel Organisation." In Chinese Patriarchy: Women's Submission, Servitude and Escape, edited by Maria Jaschok and Suzanne Miers, 77-107. London: ZED Press.

1993 "The Ah Ku and Karayuki-san of Singapore - Their Lives: Sources, Method and a Historian's Representation." Translated into Japanese in Expansion of People of the Empire, Vol. 5 Modern Japan and its Colonies, edited by Soji Takasaki, 251-272. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.

1992 "The Ah Ku and Karayuki-san of Singapore - Their Lives: Sources, Method and a Historian's Representation." Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs 26.2: 1-16.

1992 "The Ah Ku and Karayuki-san of Singapore - Their Lives: Sources, Method and a Historian's Representation." Southeast Asian Journal of Social Science 20.1: 80-92.

1990 "Prostitution and the Politics of Venereal Disease: Singapore, 1870-1898." Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 21.2: 360-383.

1990 "Reply to Alfred W. McCoy." Journal of Asian Studies 49.2: 347.

1990 "Retrieving Prostitutes Lives: Source Materials and an Approach for Writing the History of the Ah Ku and Karayuki-san of Singapore." Itinerario European Journal of Overseas History 14.1: 96-122.

1990 "Cross-Cultural Trade, Slave Raiding and State Formation in the Sulu Sultanate in the Nineteenth Century." In The Southeast Asian Port and Polity: Rise and Demise, edited by Kathirithamby-Wells and Villiers, 187-212. Singapore: Singapore University Press.

1990 "Prostitution in Singapore Society and the Karayuki-san." In The Underside of Malaysian History, edited by Peter Rimmer and Lisa Allen, 160-175. Singapore: Singapore University Press.

1989 "The Karayuki-san in Singapore, 1877-1941." Journal of the Malaysian Branch Royal Asiatic Society 62.2: 45-80. (Translated into Japanese by the Singapore Japanese Association in 1992.)

1988 "Sulu." In Encyclopedia of Asian History vol. IV, edited by Anslie T. Embree, 25-26. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons.

1988 "Moro Wars." In Encyclopedia of Asian History vol. III, edited by Anslie T. Embree, 40-41. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons.

1988 "Moro." In Encyclopedia of Asian History vol. III, edited by Anslie T. Embree, 39. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons.

1988 "Jolo." In Encyclopedia of Asian History vol. II, edited by Anslie T. Embree, 230. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons.

1988 "Balambangan." In Encyclopedia of Asian History vol. I, edited by Anslie T. Embree, 126-127. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons.

1987 "At the Edge of Southeast Asian History." In At the Edge of Southeast Asian History, edited by James Warren, ix-xviii. Quezon City: New Day Press.

1987 "Placing Women in Southeast Asian History: The Case of Oichi and the Study of Prostitution in Singapore Society." In At the Edge of Southeast Asian History, edited by James Warren, 148-164. Quezon City: New Day Press.

1986 "Contributor of Visual Documentation." In Southeast Asian Cultural Heritage: Images of Traditional Communities, edited by Ong Choo Suat, 115. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.

1986 "The George L. Peet Collection on Singapore and Malaysia: An Important bequest for Murdoch University." Asian Studies Association of Australia Review 10.1: 62-66.

1985 "The Prahus of the Sulu Zone." Brunei Museum Journal 6.1: 42-53.

1985 "The Spiral of Failure: Suicide among the Singapore Rickshaw Coolies." Southeast Asian Journal of Social Science 13.2: 47-66.

1985 "Social History and the Photograph: Glimpses of the Singapore Rickshaw Coolie in the early 20th Century." Journal of the Malaysian Branch Royal Asiatic Society 58.1: 29-43.

1985 "The Singapore Rickshaw Pullers: The Social Organization of a Coolie Occupation." Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 15.1: 1-15.

1984 "Living on The Razor's Edge: The Rickshawmen of Singapore between two wars, 1919 1939." Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars 16.4: 38-51.

1984 "Rickshaw Coolie: An Exploration of the Underside of a Chinese City Outside China, Singapore, 1880-1940." Itinerario European Journal of Overseas History 8.2: 80-91.

1982 "Slavery and the Impact of External Trade: Evidence from the Sulu Sultanate in the Nineteenth Century." In Philippine Social History Global Trade and Local Transformations, edited by De Jesus and McCoy, 415-444. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press.

1979 "The Sulu Zone, Commerce and the Evolution of a Multi-Ethnic Polity (1768-1898)." Special issue of Archipel 18: 223-230.

1978 "Who were the Balangingi Samal? Slave Raiding and Ethnogenesis in Nineteenth Century Sulu." Journal of Asian Studies 37.3: 477-490.

1977 "'Joseph Conrad' - Fiction as Southeast Asian History: Trade and Politics in East Borneo in the Late l9th Century." Brunei Museum Journal: 21-34.

1977 "Mongkut and Menelik, the Response of Traditional Kings to the West: A Comparative Study." Historicus 11.2: 23-35.

1977 "Slave Markets and Exchange in the Malay World: The Sulu Sultanate, 1770-1878." Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 8.2: 162-175.

1977 "Balambangan and the Rise of the Sulu Sultanate, 1772-1775." Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 50.1: 73-93.

1977 "Sino-Sulu Trade in the late Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries." Philippine Studies 25: 50-79.

1972 "The North Borneo Chartered Company's Administration of the Bajau, 1878-1909." Sabah Society Journal 5.4: 288-351.

Radio Broadcasts

26/6/2003 "Prostitution in Singapore." News Radio 93.8, Singapore.

5/5/2003 "Rickshaw Pullers and the History of Singapore." News Radio 93.8, Singapore.

8/7/1994 "Environment, State and Society in Asia: The Legacy of the Twentieth Century." 6PR (ABC).

30/9/1991 "Telling the Story of Those who Lived on the Margins of Society - The Poor and Dispossessed of Asia." 6PR (ABC).

4/10/1990 "Indonesian mariners in Australian waters an historical overview." 6UVS-6NR (public broadcasting).

25/9/1990 "The Bases of Insecurity: The Aquino Government and the future of the US Military Bases in the Philippines." 6UVS-6NR (public broadcasting).

7/8/1990 "The Ah Ku and Karayuki-san of Singapore - their lives: Sources, methods and a historian's representation." 6UVS - 6NR (public broadcasting).

3/7/1990 "Prostitution, Singapore Society and Venereal Disease: A Historical Overview." ABC Radio Australia.

14/10/1987 "Perceptions of Asia: A Historian's Approach to the Asian Past." 6UVS-6NR (public broadcasting).

14/9/1987 "The Philippines at the Brink: Cory Aquino and the Army." 6UVS-6NR (public broadcasting).

31/10/1986 "The Culture of Silence: The Rickshaw Pullers of Singapore, Past and Future." Singapore Broadcasting Corporation.

29/10/1986 "The Making of Rickshaw Coolie." Singapore Broadcasting Corporation.

24/9/1986 "Source Method and Approach: Rickshaw Coolie." 6WN (ABC).

1/9/1985 "No More Tears: Observations on the Crisis in Philippine Society and Politics." 6WN (ABC).

23/3/1984 "Geoffrey Blainey and Asian Immigration: A Historian's Response." 6NR.

13/7/1984 "Father Brian Gore, Liberation theology, and Australia." 6NR.

18/6/1984 "Singapore: Past and Future." 6NR.