IOWC Associate: Burkhard Schnepel

Burkhard Schnepel, born in 1954, studied social anthropology at the Free University in Berlin and at Wolfson College, University of Oxford. His doctoral thesis, completed in Oxford in 1986, was about the divine kingship of the Shilluk of the southern Sudan. From the late 1980s onwards he switched his regional focus from Africa to India. He conducted elaborate fieldwork and archival research in eastern India, which resulted in several publications on the ethnohistorical aspects of Indian kingship and the jungle kingdoms of Orissa, as well as on village theatre. In the 1990s he was Research Fellow and Assistant Professor at the South Asia Institute in Heidelberg, Visiting Professor in Paris and Gothenburg, and from 1998to 2002 Associate Professor at the Goethe University in Frankfurt/Main. In 2002, he became Full Professor at the Martin Luther University in Halle, where he co-founded the Institute for Social Anthropology. Since 2007 he has also been Acting Director of the Centre for Interdisciplinary Area Studies, and from 2010 to 2014 was Dean of the Philosophical Faculty. His main theoretical and thematic interests are the interdependencies between politics and religion, ritual theory, the anthropology of cultural performances, the anthropology of the night, the history of anthropological thought, ethnohistory, and forms of mobility, including tourism. For further information on his academic career, see http://www.ethnologie.uni-halle.de/personal/burkhard_schnepel/?lang=en.

When he arrived in Halle in 2002, Burkhard Schnepel started to combine his previous research on Africa and India by establishing a new focus on Indian Ocean studies in his department and beyond. His major area of fieldwork and archival research lies in Mauritius, which he has visited numerous times. Schnepel’s Indian Ocean research experienced a substantial boost in 2013 when he was awarded the prestigious Max Planck Fellowship status, together with generous funding which enabled him to conduct a five-year research program entitled “Connectivity in Motion: Port Cities of the Indian Ocean”. More details of this research program can be found at http://www.eth.mpg.de/2952665/mpfg02.

PUBLICATIONS

Monographs

2008 Tanzen für Kali: Ethnographie eines ostindischen Ritualtheaters. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.

2002 The Jungle Kings: Ethnohistorical Aspects of Politics and Ritual in Orissa. Delhi: Manohar.

1997 Die Dschungelkönige: Ethnohistorische Aspekte von Politik und Ritual in Südorissa/Indien. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.

1995 Twinned Beings: Kings and Effigies in Southern Sudan, East India and Renaissance France. Gothenburg: Institute for Advanced Studies in Social Anthropology.

1986 Five Approaches to the Theory of Divine Kingship and the Kingship of the Shilluk of the Southern Sudan. (D. Phil. thesis) Oxford: Bodleian Library.

 

Edited Volumes

2013 Kultur all inclusive. Identität, Tradition und Kulturerbe im Zeitalter des Massentourismus. Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag. (with Felix Girke and Eva-Maria Knoll)

2011 Orient - Orientalistik – Orientalismus. Geschichte und Aktualität einer Debatte. Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag. (with Gunnar Brands and Hanne Schönig)

2009 Handlung und Leidenschaft. Jenseits von actionund passio. Berlin: Paragrana. (with K.-P. Köpping and C. Wulf)

2009 Multiple Identities in Action: Mauritius and Some Antillean Parallelisms. Berlin: Peter Lang. (with R. Ludwig, and V.Y. Hookoomsing)

2006 The Making and Unmaking of Differences: Anthropological, Sociological and Philosophical Perspectives. Münster: Transcript Verlag. (with R. Rottenburg and S. Shimada)

2005 When Darkness Comes: Steps toward an Anthropology of the Night.In Paideuma 51: 153-265 (with E. Ben-Ari)

2001 Hundert Jahre DieTraumdeutung: Träume im Kulturvergleich. Köln: Köppe Verlag.

2001 Jagannath Revisited: Society, Religion and the State in Orissa. Delhi: Manohar Publishers.(with H. Kulke)

 

Articles

2015 “The Little Kingdom in South Asia. History of the Model.” In Interrogating Political Systems. Interogative Processes and States in Pre-modern India, edited by Bhairabi Prasad Sahu und Hermann Kulke, 123-137. Delhi: Manohar. (with G. Berkemer; reprint of Schnepel 2004, “The Stolen Goddess”)

2014 “Contact Zone. Ethnohistorical Notes on the Relationship between Kings and Tribes in Middle India.”AsianEthnology 73: 234-257.

2014 “Piracy in the Indian Ocean (ca. 1680-1750).”Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology Working Papers 160: 1-26.

2013 “Kulturerbe im Zeitalter des Massentourismus. Eine programmatische Einführung.”In Kultur all inclusive. Identität, Tradition und Kulturerbe im Zeitalter des Massentourismus, edited by Burkhard Schnepel, Felix Girke und Eva-Maria Knoll, 21-44. Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.

2013 “Zur Stofflichkeit religiöser Erfahrungen. „Idolatrie“ in Ostindien.”In Orakel und Offenbarung. Formen göttlicher Willensbekundung, edited by Jan Assman and Harald Strohm, 77-98. München: Wilhelm Fink.

2012“Tanzen bis zum Umfallen. Schuld und Sühne in einem ostindischen Ritualtheater.”In Enhancement oder die Verbesserung des Menschen: Die zweite Evolution?, edited by O. Bender, S. Kanitscheider and A.J. Treml, 107-126. Norderstedt: BoD.

2012 “Danda Nata.”In Imaging Odisha, vol. 2, edited by Hermann Kulke, 155-158. New Delhi: Prafulla.

2011 “Neu-Orient-ierungen.”In Orient - Orientalistik – Orientalismus. Geschichte und Aktualität einer Debatte, edited by Burkhard Schnepel, Gunnar Brands and Hanne Schönig.Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 7-14. (with Gunnar Brands and Hanne Schönig)

2011 “Verschlungene Wege in den Orient und zurück: Ein Prolog. In Orient - Orientalistik – Orientalismus.Geschichte und Aktualität einer Debatte, edited by Burkhard Schnepel, Gunnar Brands and Hanne Schönig, 15-28.Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.

2011 “Tourismus.”In Lexikon der Globalisierung, edited by Fernand Kreff, Eva-Maria Knoll, Andre Gingrich, 377-380. Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.

2011 “From Slave to Tourist Entertainer. Performative Negotiations of Identity and Difference in Mauritius.”In Islanded Identities. Constructions of Postcolonial Cultural Insularity, edited by Maeve McCuscer and Anthony Soares, 119-138. Amsterdam: Rodopi. (with Cornelia Schnepel)

2010 “Die drei Körper des Königs.”In Herrscherkult und Heilserwartung, edited by Jan Assmann and Harald Strohm, 177-197. München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag.

2009 “Die Globalisierung des Strandes: Das Beispiel Mauritius.”In Zwischen Aneignung und Verfremdung. Ethnologische Gratwanderungen, edited by Volker Gottowik, Holger Jebens, Editha Platte, 489-509. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag.(with Cornelia Schnepel)

2009 “Some Ideas on Communication, Culture and Society in Mauritius: Multiple Identities in Action.” In Multiple Identities in Action: Mauritius and Some Antillean Parallelisms, edited by V.Y. Hookoomsing, R. Ludwig and B. Schnepel, 9- 15. Berlin: Peter Lang. (with R. Ludwig)

2009 “The Mauritian Séga: Performing Identity in a Multi-cultural Setting.” In Multiple Identities in Action: Mauritius and Some Antillean Parallelisms, edited by V.Y Hookoomsing, R. Ludwig and B. Schnepel, 275-286. Berlin: Peter Lang. (with Cornelia Schnepel)

2009 “Two Beaches: The Globalization of Mauritian Waterfronts.” In Multiple Identities in Action: Mauritius and Some Antillean Parallelism, edited by V.Y. Hookoomsing, R. Ludwig and B. Schnepel, 287-317. Berlin: Peter Lang.

2009 “Zur Dialektik von agency und patiency.”In Handlung und Leidenschaft. Jenseits von actiound passio, edited by K.-P. Köpping, B. Schnepel and C. Wulf, 15-22. Berlin: Paragrana.

2008 “Finger weg von unserem Strand: Tourismus auf einer multikulturellen „Paradiesinsel“ (Mauritius) im Indischen Ozean.” Vienna: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Arbeitspapiere zur Sozialanthropologie; www.oeaw.ac.at/sozant(with Cornelia Schnepel)

2007 “Die „autonome Person“ im Kulturvergleich.”In Menschformung in religiösen Kontexten, edited by M. Hettling und M. Müller, 161-177. Göttingen: V & R. Unipress.

2006 “Bilder vom Séga: Inszenierungen von Authentizität auf Mauritius.”In Performance im medialen Wandel, edited by P.M. Meyer, 463-497. München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag. (with Cornelia Schnepel)

2006 “Strangers in the Night: The Making and Unmaking of Differences from a Perspective of the Anthropology of the Night.” In The Making and Unmaking of Differences: Anthropological, Sociological and Philosophical Perspectives, edited by B, Schnepel, R. Rottenburg and S. Shimada,123-144. Münster: Transcipt Verlag.

2006 “Jagannath: Ein ostindische Gottheit im Spannungsfeld politischer Machtkämpfe.”In Kulturelle VerWandlungen: Die Gestaltung sozialer Welten in der Performanz, edited by U. Rao, 239-262. Berlin: Peter Lang.

2005 “Kings and Tribes in East India.” In The Character of Kingship, edited by D. Quigley, 187-208. Oxford: Berghahn Publishers.

2005 “The ‘Dance of Punishment’: Transgression and Punishment in an East Indian Ritual.” In Celebrating Transgression: Method and Politics in the Anthropological Study of Culture, edited by U. Rao and J. Huthnyk, 115-127. Oxford: Berg Publications.

2005 “Introduction. ‘When Darkness Comes’: Steps towards an Anthropology of the Night.” In When Darkness Comes: Steps toward an Anthropology of the Night¸ edited B. Schnepel and E. Ben-Ari. Paideuma 51: 153-164.

2005 ““In Sleep a King…”: The Politics of Dreaming in a Cross-cultural Perspective.” InWhen Darkness Comes: Steps toward an Anthropology of the Night¸ edited B. Schnepel and E. Ben-Ari.Paideuma 51: 209-222.

2005 “Inder auf Reisen.”In Bewegliche Horizonte: Festschrift für Bernhard Streck, edited by K. Lange and K. Geisenhainer, 165-184. Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag.

2004 “Inder in der Fremde.”In Großmacht Indien, edited by R.P. Das, 119-145.Halle: Orientwissen-schaftliche Hefte 1/2004.

2004 “History of the Model.”In Sharing Sovereignty. The Little Kingdom in South Asia, edited by G. Berkemer and M. Frenz, 11-20. Berlin: Klaus Schwarz Verlag. (with G. Berkemer)

2004 “The Stolen Goddess. Ritual Enactments of Power and Authority in Orissa.” In Sharing Sovereignty: The Little Kingdom in South Asia, edited by G. Berkemer & M. Frenz, 165-180. Berlin: Klaus Schwarz Verlag.

2004 “Facing the Trial by Fire Every Day: Text and Performative Context in South Orissa.” In Text and Context in the History, Literature and Religion of Orissa, edited by A. Malinar, J. Beltz and H. Freese, 239-272. Dehli: Manohar.

2003 “Anekdoten über Anekdoten.”In Performativität und Ereignis, edited by E. Fischer-Lichte, 149-162. Tübingen: Francke Verlag.

2003 “Königsmord.”In Ritualität und Grenze, edited by E. Fischer-Lichte et al., 177-191. Tübingen: Francke Verlag.

2003 “Die Staubstrafe: Ein ostindisches Sühneritual”. In Ritual, edited by Zirfas and Wulf. Paragrana12: 133-157.

2002 “The Story of the Fowler: Popular Hinduism in Orissa.” In Adivasi 40: 12-25.

2001 “Introduction.” In Jagannath Revisited: Society, Religion and the State in Orissa, edited by B. Schnepel and H. Kulke, 1-24. Delhi: Manohar Publishers. (with H. Kulke)

2001 “Kings and Rebel Kings: Rituals of Incorporation and Dissent in South Orissa.” In Jagannath Revisited: Society, Religion and the State in Orissa, edited by B. Schnepel and H. Kulke, 271-295. Delhi: Manohar Publishers

2001 “Blurred Genres: The Internal Dynamics of the ‘Dance of Punishment’. In Orissa.” In Adivasi 39: 12-34.

2001 “Ethnologische Betrachtungen zur Wahrnehmung und Wahrmachung von Träumen.”In Wahrnehmung und Medialität, edited by E. Fischer-Lichte, C. Horn, S. Umathum and M. Warstatt, 233-253. Tübingen: Francke Verlag.

2001 “Einleitung: Kulturwissenschaftliche Perspektiven in der Traumforschung.”InHundert Jahre DieTraumdeutung: Träume im Kulturvergleich, edited by B. Schnepel,, 7-30. Köln: Köppe Verlag.

2001 “Die Politik der Träume: Somnambule Wege zur Macht in Ostindien”. InHundert Jahre DieTraumdeutung: Träume im Kulturvergleich, edited by B. Schnepel, 198-216. Köln: Köppe Verlag.

2001 “Narren: Versuch einer Typologie.”In Geist, Bild, Narr. Zu einer Ethnologie kultureller Konversionen, edited by H. Behrend, 97-118. Berlin: Peter Lang Verlag.

2000 “Der Körper im ‚Tanz der Strafe’ in Orissa.”In Im Rausch des Rituals:Gestaltung und Transformation der Wirklichkeit in körperlicher Performanz, edited by K.-P. Köpping and U. Rao, 141-156. Münster: Lit Verlag.

2000 “Die Umkehrung des Blicks: Zur Akkommodierung von ‚Inauthentischem‘ in festlichen Inszenierungen in Japan und Indien.”(with K.-P. Köpping.) In Die Inszenierung von Authentizität, edited by E. Fischer-Lichte and I. Pflug, 275-297. Tübingen: Francke Verlag.

1999 “Ethnologie und Geschichte: Stationen der Standortbestimmung aus der britischen „Social Anthropology“.”HistorischeAnthropologie, vol. 7: 110-128.

1998 “Der Raub der Göttin: Rituelle Inszenierungen von Macht und Autorität in Orissa.”In Ethnologie und Inszenierung: Ansätze zur Theaterethnologie, edited by M. Münzel and B. Schmidt, 459-488. Marburg: Curupira.

1998 “How to Chase a Rainbow, or: Steps Toward a Typology of the Fool.” In Games of Gods and Man: Essays in Ritual Performance, edited by K.-P. Köpping, 56-78. Münster: Lit- Verlag.

1997 “E.E. Evans-Pritchard.”In Klassiker der Religionswissenschaft, edited by A. Michaels, 303-323. München: C. H. Beck.

1996 “The Hindu King’s Authority Reconsidered: Durga-Puja and Dasara in a South Orissan Jungle Kingdom”. In Political Rituals, edited by A. Boholm, 126-157. Gothenburg: Institute for Advanced Studies in Social Anthropology.

1995 “Durga and the King: Ethnohistorical Aspects in the Politico-Ritual Life of a South Orissan Jungle Kingdom.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, (Man) 1: 145-166.

1994 “Goddesses, Kings, and Tribals: Remarks on the Ritual Policy of a South Orissan Jungle Kingdom.” Man in Society 8: 19-36.

1994 “Little Kingdoms Reconsidered.Occasional Papers, vol. 5. Bhubaneswar: Utkal University, Department of Anthropology.

1993 “Der König und seine Göttin: Ritual und Politik in Südorissa, Indien.”Mitteilungen der Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung61: 3-13.

1993 “Die Schutzgöttinnen: Tribale Gottheiten in Südorissa (Indien) und ihre Patronage durch hinduistische Kleinkönige.”Anthropos88: 337-350.

1992 “The Nandapur Suryavamshis: Origin and Consolidation of a South Orissan Kingdom.” Orissa Historical Research Journal38. 170-199.

1991 “Continuity Despite and Through Death: Regicide and Royal Shrines among the Shilluk of Southern Sudan.” Africa 61.: 40-70.

1990 “Shilluk Kingship: Power Struggles and the Question of Succession.” Anthropos 85: 105-123.

1990 “Corporations, Personhood, and Ritual in Tribal Society. Three Interconnected Topics in the Anthropology of Meyer Fortes.” Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford 21.1: 1-31.

1988 “In Quest of Life: Hocart’s Scheme of Evolution from Ritual Organization to Government.” Archives Européennes de Sociologie 29.1: 165-187.

1988 “Shilluk Royal Ceremonies of Death and Installation. Anthropos 83: 433-452.

1987 “Max Weber’s Theory of Charisma and its Applicability in Anthropological Research.”Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford18.1: 26-48.


In addition, Schnepel published numerous reviews and smaller notes, etc.