IOWC Associate: Michael Pearson

New Zealand-born Michael Pearson, who gained his PhD at the University of Michigan, is Professor Emeritus at the University of New South Wales, Australia. An internationally renowned scholar who has written pioneering works on Indian and Indian Ocean world history, Michael Pearson has been the recipient of a number of prestigious awards including the Watamull Prize for the best book on Indian history published in the USA (1975-76). He was elected a Fellow of the Oriental Society of Australia in 1985, a Fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities in 1990 and a Fellow of the Heras Society (Bombay) in 1992.

Publications

Books


2010 Co-editor, (with Pamila Gupta and Isabel Hofmeyr), Eyes Across the Water: Navigating the Indian Ocean. Pretoria: UNISA Press and Penguin India.

2010 "Preface." In Indian Ocean Studies: Cultural, Social, and Political Perspectives, edited by Shanti Moorthy and Ashraf Jamal, xv-xvii. London: Routledge.

2010 "Foreword." In Coastal Histories: Society and Ecology in pre-modern India, edited by Yogesh Sharma, vii-xi. Delhi: Primus Books.

2010 "Foreword." In Maritime India: Trade, Religion and Polity in the Indian Ocean, by Pius Malekandathil, vii-viii. Delhi: Primus Books.

2007 The Indian Ocean. London: Routledge. (Paperback edition)

2007 Co-editor, (with Teotonio R De Souza and Charles J. Borges), Metahistory: History Questioning History. Lisbon: Nova Vega.

2005 The World of the Indian Ocean, 1500-1800: Studies in Economic, Social and Cultural History. Variorum Collected Studies Series. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishers.

2003 The Indian Ocean. London and New York: Routledge.

1998 Port Cities and Intruders: the Swahili Coast, India, and Portugal in the Early Modern Era. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. (Paperback edition)

1996 Editor, Spices in the Indian Ocean World. An Expanding World series vol. 11. Aldershot: Variorum.

1996 Guest co-editor, Asia and Europe: Commerce, Colonialism and Cultures: Essays in Honour of Sinnappah Arasaratnam. Special issue of South Asia XIX.

1996 Pilgrimage to Mecca: the Indian Experience. Princeton: Markus Wiener. (A greatly revised version of Pious Passengers.)

1994 Pious Passengers: The Hajj in earlier times. Delhi: Sterling Publishers; London: C. Hurst and Co.

1988 Before Colonialism: Theories on Asian-European Relations, 1500-1750. Delhi: Oxford University Press. (The Heras Memorial Lectures for 1987)

1987 The Portuguese in India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Reprinted in 1990. The New Cambridge History of India, vol. I, 1. Indian edition printed in 1989 by Orient Longman, Bombay. Second Indian edition printed in 1990. Portuguese translation from Editorial Teorema printed in 1991. Paperback edition from CUP printed in 2006.)

1987 Co-editor, (with Ashin Das Gupta), India and the Indian Ocean, 1500-1800. Calcutta: Oxford University Press. (Second edition printed by OUP in New Delhi.)

1985 Editor, Legitimacy and Symbols: the South Asian Writings of F.W. Buck­ler. Michigan Papers on South and Southeast Asia, no. 26. Ann Arbor: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, The University of Michigan.

1981 Coastal Western India: Studies from the Portuguese Records. Xavier Centre of Historical Research Studies Series no. 2. New Delhi: Concept Publishers.

1979 Co-editor, (with Blair B. Kling), The Age of Partnership: Europeans in Asia before Dominion. Honolulu: The University Press of Hawaii.

1976 Merchants and Rulers in Gujarat: the Response to the Portuguese in the Sixteenth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press; New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal. (Second Indian edition printed in 1984; Japanese translation printed in 1984 by Iwanami Shoten in Tokyo.)

Articles

(* indicates a publication that was republished in The World of the Indian Ocean.)

2011 "Medical Connections and Exchanges in the Early Modern World." Special issue of PORTAL, Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies VIII.2: 1-15.

2011 "History of the Indian Ocean: A Review Essay." Wasafiri 26.2: 78-85.

2010 "Across the Kala Pani." Himal Southasian XXIII.9: 27-31.

2009 "Class, Authority and Gender on Early Modern Indian Ocean Ships: European and Asian Comparisons." South African Historical Journal 61.4: 680-701.

2009 "Communication in the Early Modern Indian Ocean World." Transforming Cultures eJournal 4.2: 18-28.

2008 "Afterword." In Struggling with History: Islam and Cosmopolitanism in the western Indian Ocean, edited by Edward Simpson and Kai Kresse, 357-372. London, Hurst and New York: Columbia University Press.

2007 "East Africa and the Indian Ocean World." In Metahistory: History Questioning History, edited by Borges and Pearson, 485-495. Lisbon: Nova Vega.

2007 "Creating a Littoral Community: Muslim reformers in the early modern Indian Ocean World." In Between the Middle Ages and Modernity: Individual and Community in the Early Modern World, edited by Charles Parker and Jerry Bentley, 155-165. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.

2007 "Studying the Indian Ocean World: Problems and Opportunities." In Cross Currents and Community Networks: Encapsulating the History of the Indian Ocean World, edited by H.P. Ray and Edward Alpers,13-32. New Delhi: Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, and OUP.

2007 "Markets and Merchant Communities in the Indian Ocean: Locating the Portuguese." In Portuguese Oceanic Expansion, 1400-1800: A collection of essays, edited by Francisco Bethencourt and Diogo Ramada Curto, 88-108. New York: CUP.

2006 "Portuguese and Indian medical systems: commonality and superiority in the early modern period." Revista de Cultura 20: 116-141.

2006 "Coastal communities and maritime history." History in Focus.

2006 "Littoral Society: the concept and the problems." Journal of World History 17.4: 353-373.

2005 "Social Work in the Portuguese Empire." Campus Social: Revista Lusófona de Ciências Sociais [Lisbon] 2: 108-113.

2005 "Recent Changes on India's West Coast." Indian Ocean Survey I.1: 103-115.

2005 "The Portuguese and Violence in the Indian Ocean: Some second thoughts." Oriente [Lisbon] 12: 11-23.

2004 "Roundtable: Reviews of Michael Pearson, the Indian Ocean, with a Response by Michael Pearson." International Journal of Maritime History XVI.1: 1-42.

2003 "Brief Comments on Recent Work on the Indian Ocean." Itinerario 3: 187-190.

2003 "Sympathetic 'Farangi': An Interview with Michael N. Pearson." Itinerario 3: 6-17.

2001 "Hindu Medical Practice in Sixteenth-Century Western India: Evidence from the Portuguese Records." Portuguese Studies XVII: 100-113. *

2001 "A Hazardous Embarkation: Writing a History of the Indian Ocean." Indica Platinum Jubilee Volume XXXVIII: 145-152.

2000 "Consolidating the Faith: Muslim Travellers in the Indian Ocean World." The UTS Review VI.2: 6-13.

1998 "Early Relations between the Portuguese and Gujarat: A New Overview." Indica XXXV.2: 81-95.

1996 "'Objects Ridiculous and August': Early Modern European Perceptions of Asia." Journal of Modern History LXVIII: 382-397.

1995 "The Thin End of the Wedge: Medical Relativities as a Paradigm of Early Modern Indian-European Relations." Modern Asian Studies XXIX.l: 141-170. *

1993 "The Flows and Effects of Precious Metals in India and China: 1500-1750." Annales II.2: 51-69.

1991 "Pilgrims, Travellers, Tourists: the Meanings of Journeys." Australian Cultural History 10: 125-134.

1990 "The Estado da India and the Hajj." Indica XXVI: 103-118.

1989 "Conversions in Southeast Asia: Evidence from the Portuguese Records." Portuguese Studies VI: 53-70. *

1986-87 "The Mughals and the Hajj." Journal of the Oriental Society of Australia XVII-XIX: 164-179.

1988 "Brokers in Western Indian Port Cities: Their Role in Servicing Foreign Merchants." Modern Asian Studies XXII.3: 455-472. (Also published in Asian Trade and Civilisation: Studies in Honour of C.R. Boxer, edited by G. Bouchon and P-Y. Manguin. CUP, 1990.) *

1987 "Maritime History: Theory and Empirical Testing." ASAA Review XI.l: 23-31.

1986 "The Hajj (Pilgrimage) from Mughal India: Some Preliminary Observations." Indica (Heras Institute Diamond Jubilee Number) XXIII: 143-158. 985 "Littoral Society: The Case for the Coast." The Great Circle VII.l: 1-8. *

1984 "Recreation in Mughal India." British Journal of Sports History I.3: 335-350.

1984 "V.M. Godinho and 'Os Descobrimentos': A Critical and Bibliographical Note." Indica XXI.l: 29-38.

1984 "Goa during the First Century of Portuguese Rule." Itinerario VIII.l: 36-57. (Also published as "The First Century of Portuguese Rule in Goa" in Vice-Almirante A. Teixeira da Mota: In Memoriam 1987: 251-266. *

1984 "South Asian History." ASAA Review VIII.l: 3-5.

1982 "Premodern Muslim Political Systems." Journal of the American Oriental Society CII.l: 47-58.

1976 "Shivaji and the Decline of the Mughal Empire." Journal of Asian Studies XXXV.2: 221-236.

1973-74 "The Goa Archives and Indian History." Quarterly Review of Historical Studies XIII.4: 205-211.

1973 "Wealth and Power: Indian Groups in the Portuguese Indian Economy." South Asia 3: 36-44.

1973 "Indigenous Dominance in a Colonial Economy: The Goa Rendas, 1600-1670." Mare Luso-Indicum II: 61-73.

1972 "Political Participation in Mughal India." Indian Economic and Social History Review IX.2: 113-131.

1969 "The Spanish 'Impact' on the Philippines." Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient XII.2: 165-186.

1968 "Spain and Spanish Trade in Southeast Asia." Journal of Asian History II.2: 109-129. *

Chapters in Books

2011 "Life at Sea." In The Trading World of the Indian Ocean, 1500-1800 CE, edited by Om Prakash, 633-658. Noida: Pearson Education.

2011 "Religion and the Sea." In The Trading World of the Indian Ocean, 1500-1800 CE, edited by Om Prakash, 659-677. Noida: Pearson Education.

2010 "Islamic trade, shipping, port-states and merchant communities in the Indian Ocean, 7th-16th Centuries." In New Cambridge History of Islam vol. III, edited by M. A. Cook, 317-365. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2010 "Introduction: The Idea of the Ocean." In Eyes Across the Water: Navigating the Indian Ocean, edited by Gupta, Hofmeyr and Pearson, 7-14. Pretoria: UNISA Press and Penguin India.

2010 "Connecting the Littorals: Cultural Brokers in the Early Modern Indian Ocean." In Eyes Across the Water: Navigating the Indian Ocean, edited by Gupta, Hofmeyr and Pearson, 32-47. Pretoria: UNISA Press and Penguin India.

2007 "Studying the Indian Ocean World: Problems and Opportunities." In Cross Currents and Community Networks: Encapsulating the History of the Indian Ocean World, edited by H.P. Ray and Edward Alpers, 13-32. New Delhi: Nehru Memorial Museum and Library and OUP.

2006 "Afterword." In Cosmopolitanism Contested: Anthropology and history in the western Indian Ocean, edited by Edward Simpson and Kai Kresse. London: Hurst.

2006 "Creating a Littoral Community: Muslim reformers in the early modern Indian Ocean World." In From the Middle Ages to Modernity: Individual and Community in the Early Modern World, edited by Hal Parker and Jerry Bentley, 155-165. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.

2006 "Markets and Merchant Communities in the Indian Ocean: Locating the Portuguese." In Portuguese Oceanic Expansion, 1400-1800: A collection of essays, edited by Francisco Bethencourt, 84-104. New York: CUP.

2006 "The Colonial Port City of Goa in Historical Perspective." In Colonial Cities in the Tropics: A Comparative History, edited by Diogo Ramada Curto. Firenze: The Accademia toscana di scienze e lettere 'La Colombaria' and Leo S. Olschky Editore.

2002 "Portuguese India Twenty Five Years after Gama: An Important Document from 1523." In Studies In the History of the Deccan: Medieval and Modern: Professor A.R. Kulkarni Felicitation Volume, edited by M. A. Nayeem, Anirudha Ray and K. S. Mathew, 179-187. New Delhi: Pragati Publishers.

2001 "Asia and World Precious Metal Flows in the Early Modern Period." In Evolution of the World Economy, Precious Metals and India, edited by John McGuire, Patrick Bertola and Peter Reeves, 21-57. Delhi: OUP. *

2001 "The Portuguese in India and the Indian Ocean: An Overview of the Sixteenth Century." In The Portuguese, Indian Ocean and European Bridgeheads 1500-1800: Festschrift in Honour of Prof. K.S. Mathew, edited by Pius Malekandathil and Jamal Mohammed, 49-66. Tellicherry: Kerala.

2001 "The Portuguese State and Medicine in Sixteenth Century Goa." In The Portuguese and Socio-Cultural Changes In India, 1500-1800, edited by K.S. Mathew, Teotonio R. de Souza and Pius Malekandathil, 401-419. Fundacao Oriente. *

2000 "Gateways to Africa: the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea." In History of Islam in Africa, edited by Randall Pouwels and Nehemia Levtzion, 37-59. Ohio University Press. *

2000 "The East African Coast in 1498: A Synchronic Study." In Vasco da Gama and the Linking of Europe and Asia, edited by Anthony Disney and Emily Booth, 116-130. Delhi: OUP. *

1999 "Portuguese India and the Mughals." In Vasco da Gama and India, International Conference, edited by Teotonio R. de Souza, 223-236. Lisbon.

1998 "Indians in East Africa: the Early Modern Period." In Politics and Trade in the Indian Ocean World: Essays in Honour of Ashin Das Gupta, edited by Rudrangshu Mukherjee and Lakshmi Subramanian, 227-249. Delhi: OUP. *

1997 "World-Systems before Capitalism." In History, Literature and Society: Essays in Honour of Soumyen Mukherjee, edited by Mabel Lee and Michael Wilding, 163-178. Sydney and New Delhi.

1996 Introduction to "Asia and Europe: Commerce, Colonialism and Cultures: Essays in Honour of Sinnappah Arasaratnam," South Asia XIX: 1-15.

1996 "Introduction." In Spices in the Indian Ocean World. An Expanding World vol. 11, edited by M. Pearson, xv-xxxvii. Aldershot: Variorum.

1996 "First Contacts between Indian and European Medical Systems: Goa in the Sixteenth Century." In Warm Climates and Western Medicine: The Emergence of Tropical Medicine, 1500-1900, edited by David Arnold, 20-41. Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi (The Wellcome Institute Series in the History of Medicine). *

1996 "Goa in the Early Nineteenth Century: Some British Accounts." In Medieval Deccan History. Commemoration Volume in Honour of P.M. Joshi, edited by A.R. Kulkarni, M.A. Nayeem and T.R. de Souza, 229-236. Bombay.

1992 "The Search for the Similar: Early Contacts between Portuguese and Indians." In Clashes of Cultures: Essays in Honour of Niels Steensgaard, edited by Jens Christian V. Johansen, Erling Ladewig Petersen and Henrik Stevnsborg, 144-159. Odense University Press. *

1991 "Merchants and States." In The Political Economy of Merchant Empires, edited by James D. Tracy, 41-116. New York: CUP.

1990 "Pious Passengers: Motivations for the Hajj from early modern India." In Studies in Maritime History, edited by K.S. Mathew, 112-126. Pondicherry: Pondicherry University.

1990 "Goa-Based Seaborne Trade, 17th and 18th Centuries." In Goa Through the Ages vol. II, edited by Teotonio R. de Souza, 146-175. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company. *

1987 "India and the Indian Ocean in the Sixteenth Century." In India and the Indian Ocean, 1500-1800, edited by Ashin Das Gupta and M. N. Pearson, 71-93. Calcutta: Oxford University Press. (Reprinted in Madhya Kaleen Bharat.)

1987 "Introduction I: The Subject." In India and the Indian Ocean, 1500-1800, edited by Ashin Das Gupta and M. N. Pearson, 1-24. Calcutta: Oxford University Press.

1986 "Carnations, Captains and Communists: Burchett on Portugal." In Burchett Reporting the Other Side of the World, 1939-1983, edited by Ben Kiernan, 279-287. London: Quartet Books.

1985 "Land, Noble and Ruler in Mughal India." In Feudalism: Comparative Studies, edited by Sir Edmund Leach, S.N. Mukherjee and John O. Ward, 175-196. Sydney: Sydney Studies in Society and Culture.

1985 "The Indian Ocean and the Portuguese in the Sixteenth Century." In Proceedings of the Second International Seminar on Indo-Portuguese History, 102-117. Lisbon.

1979 "Introduction." In The Age of Partnership: Europeans in Asia before Dominion, edited by Blair B. Kling and M. N. Pearson, 1-14. Honolulu: The University Press of Hawaii.

1979 "Corruption and Corsairs in Sixteenth-Century Western India: A Functional Analysis." In The Age of Partnership: Europeans in Asia before Dominion, edited by Blair B. Kling and M. N. Pearson, 15-42. Honolulu: The University Press of Hawaii.

1979 "Heads in the Sand." In Sport in History, edited by Richard Cashman and M.M. McKernan, 272-292. Brisbane.

1979 "Looking Outward: Colonial Goa in the Sixteenth Century." In The Rise and Growth of the Colonial Port City in Asia, edited by Dilip Basu, 8-10. Santa Cruz: Center for South Pacific Studies, University of California.

1977 "The People and Politics of Portuguese India during the Sixteenth and early Seventeenth Centuries." In Essays Concerning the Socio-Economic History of Brazil and Portuguese India, edited by Dauril Alden and Warren Dean, 1-25. Gainesville: University Presses of Florida.

1977 "European Relations with South Asian Muslims, 1500-1947." In The Changeless and the Changing in Islamic-Arabic-Hispanic Cultures, Cultural Studies Conference, 87-103. Goulburn, NSW: Goulburn College of Advanced Education.

1972 Co-author (with Diana Tonsich), "The Partition of India and Pakistan: The Emergence of Bangladesh." In The Problem of Partition: Peril to World Peace, edited by T.E. Hachey, 132-173. Chicago: Rand McNally.

1969 "Cafilas and Cartazes: The Portuguese and Western Indian Trade in the Sixteenth Century." In Proceedings of the Indian History Congress - 30th Session, Bhagalpur, edited by P.C. Gupta, R.K. Chaudhary, S.C Misra and V.D. RaoPatna, 200-207. Kolkata: Indian History Congress. (Reprinted in Essays in Medieval Indian History, edited by Satish Chandra. Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1987 [IHC Jubilee Publications, vol. II].)

Encyclopaedia Entries

2009 Several contributions to World History Encyclopedia, edited by Alfred J Andrea. Abc-Clio.

2007 "Hormuz." In Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History, edited by John B. Hattendorf. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2007 "Indian Ocean." In Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History, edited by John B. Hattendorf. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2007 "Ibn Madjid." In Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History, edited by John B. Hattendorf. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2007 "Sindbad the Sailor." In Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History, edited by John B. Hattendorf. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2006 "The Role of Pilgrimage in pre-1800 Indian History." In The Encyclopedia of the Indian Diaspora, edited by Brij V. Lal, Peter Reeves and Rajesh Rai. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. 2005 "Vasco da Gama." In History of World Trade since 1450, edited by John J. McCusker. Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan Reference USA.

2005 "Persian Gulf." In History of World Trade since 1450, edited by John J. McCusker. Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan Reference USA.

2005 "Indian Ocean." In History of World Trade since 1450, edited by John J. McCusker. Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan Reference USA.

2005 "Ethnic Groups: Gujarati." In History of World Trade since 1450, edited by John J. McCusker. Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan Reference USA.

1995 Contributor, International Dictionary of Historic Places. London: Fitzroy Dearborn.

1992 Contributor, The Guinness Book of Records, 1492: The World Five Hundred Years Ago, edited by Deborah Manley and Geoffrey Vaughn Scammell. New York: Facts on File.

1988 "Calicut." In The Encyclopedia of Asian History, edited by Ainslie Thomas Embree. New York: Scribner's and the Asia Society.

1988 "Goa." In The Encyclopedia of Asian History, edited by Ainslie Thomas Embree. New York: Scribner's and the Asia Society.

1988 "Portuguese in India." In The Encyclopedia of Asian History, edited by Ainslie Thomas Embree. New York: Scribner's and the Asia Society.

1988 "Portuguese in Sri Lanka." In The Encyclopedia of Asian History, edited by Ainslie Thomas Embree. New York: Scribner's and the Asia Society.

1988 "Surat." In The Encyclopedia of Asian History, edited by Ainslie Thomas Embree. New York: Scribner's and the Asia Society.

Book Reviews

Michael Pearson has also published over 130 book reviews in a wide range of scholarly journals.