IOWC Director: Gwyn Campbell

Gwyn Campbell holds a Canada Research Chair in Indian Ocean World History at McGill University. He gained degrees in economic history from the universities of Birmingham and Wales and has taught in India (Voluntary Service Overseas) as well as at universities in Madagascar, Britain, South Africa, Belgium and France. A specialist in the economic history of the Indian Ocean region, he is a member of McGill’s Centre for Developing Area Studies (CDAS) and African Studies Program. Campbell's current research is focused on the foundations of the Indian Ocean world global economy, as well as slavery, migration and diasporas in the Indian Ocean world. He is particularly interested in the dynamics of minority cultures, imperialism, globalisation and third world development. Among his other interests are painting, poetry and prose, and following the trials and tribulations of the Welsh rugby team.


Contact Information
Indian Ocean World Centre
Peterson Hall
3460 McTavish Street, Room 100
Montreal, Quebec, H3A 0E6
Canada
gwyn.campbell@mcgill.ca

Publications

Latest Book

2016, Gwyn Campbell (Ed.), Africa and the Early Indian Ocean World Exchange to circa 1300. London: Palgrave Macmillan
 

 

Reviews of Selected Books

David Griffiths and the Missionary "History of Madagascar." Leiden: Brill, 2012.

“There is little doubt that this remarkable scholarly achievement will inspire new insights into the history not only of the Madagascar Mission, but of British imperial and evangelical ideology more broadly." - Andrew May (University of Melbourne), Welsh History Review

“The title of Gwyn Campbell’s substantial new book belies its wide-ranging content. David Griffiths and the missionary ‘History of Madagascar ’ takes Griffiths’ 1843 publication of Hanes Madagascar as a starting-point, providing the first, and much needed, published translation of Griffiths’ history from Welsh into English. This alone would make the text a valuable resource, but Campbell goes further, providing a detailed introductory exposition, together with a commentary on the text… notes, which more than repay study and are a wonderful read in themselves. Campbell’s text ranges from discussion of highland archaeology, through historical notes on cultivation and cattle husbandry, to biographical details on different players in the narrative, and much besides. This book will surely become a key reference text for the history of Madagascar, and deserves a wide readership." - Zoë Crossland (Columbia University), Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute

"In his ambitious and meticulously documented David Griffiths and the Missionary ‘History of Madagascar’, Gwyn Campbell, the noted religious and economic historian of Madagascar, connects the micro-politics of nineteenth-century European missionaries working with the London Missionary Society (LMS) in Madagascar with the larger dynamics of shifting global power struggles including European imperialism and religious persecution. The result is a sweeping narrative that will be of interest to scholars across the fields of history, anthropology, Malagasy studies, and religious studies." - Sarah R. Osterhoudt (Yale University), Journal of African History

"Extensively researched, David Griffiths and the Missionary 'History of Madagascar' reflects a masterful command of the primary material, along with the high attention to detail one has come to expect from Gwyn Campbell’s work." - Hilary Ingram (University College London), International Bulletin of Missionary Research

“An outstanding work of revisionist missionary history." – Timothy Yates (Independent Scholar, Bakewell), Journal of Ecclesiastical History.

"Engagingly written and painstakingly researched, this is a substantial addition to the literature on religion, missions, and colonialism in Africa." - Book News

An Economic History of Imperial Madagascar, 1750-1895: The Rise and Fall of an Island Empire. African Studies Series. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

"The Economic History is a major work of scholarship... a definitive work to which all future historians will be indebted"    – Mervyn Brown (former British ambassador to Madagascar), Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History

"Campbell's study... transforms our understanding of Madagascar and its place in the history of the western Indian Ocean region. It is also a model of how economic data can inform social and political historical analysis. This is a highly significant intervention in an era when economic history is battling to retain support especially among Africanists and other scholars of the colonial encounter for whom quantitative data have become unfashionable."    – Nigel Worden (University of Cape Town), EH.NET.

"a substantial and thought-provoking contribution to the understanding of slavery and labor in the Indian Ocean World ... compelling argument to consider Madagascar as an integral part of the history of eastern Africa"    – Alison Fletcher (Kent State University), Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History

"a very valuable, informative ... book."    – Robert Ross (University of Leiden), Journal of African History

"an economic tour de force around "Imperial Madagascar."    – Pier Larson (Johns Hopkins University), The American Historical Review

"The great strength and originality of this study... lie in the surprising wealth of detailed economic information the author has unearthed about the fascinating attempt of the Merina monarchs to transform their society through education, industrialization, agricultural development, and the manufacture of their own weaponry, including cannons and firearms... Highly recommended."    – J. E. Flint (emeritus, Dalhousie University), CHOICE

"this study should be required reading for those who teach African and world history... One can only hope that more economic history of this calibre will be written on other parts of Africa"    – Jeremy Rich (Middle Tennessee State University), Canadian Journal of History

Co-editor (with Suzanne Miers and Joseph C. Miller), Children in Slavery Through the Ages. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2009.

"...a path-breaking collection"    – Jane Humphries (Oxford University), Enterprise & Society



The Structure of Slavery in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia. Studies in Slave and Post-Slave Societies and Cultures Series. London: Routledge, 2003.

"Scholar of Indian Ocean history Campbell has assembled a rich and innovative collection of essays about the meaning of slavery in countries along the littoral of the Indian Ocean from the Cape to Cairo to Calcutta to Indonesia, and stretching further east to China and Korea... the extensive footnotes from archival, published, and unpublished sources and excellent writing give this volume great heuristic value... Highly recommended"    – B. Weinstein (emeritus, Howard University), CHOICE

Southern Africa and Regional Cooperation in the Indian Ocean Region. London & New York: Routledge Curzon, 2003.

"A rare and... useful reference book for (political) economists, students of (Southern) regionalism and strategists who wish to apply the idea of a developmental state to future regional integration in general and the Indian Ocean Rim in particular."    – Paul-Henri Bischoff (Rhodes University), H-Net

Abolition and Its Aftermath in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia. Studies in Slave and Post-Slave Societies and Cultures Series. London: Routledge, 2005.

"This fine collection of essays is... from a linked series of stimulating conferences on slavery and forced labour in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia that Gwyn Campbell has organized... For students of comparative slavery and abolition, as for those of the Indian ocean, this is an important contribution to the literature."    – Edward Alpers (UCLA), Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies.


Published Books

2016 Editor, Africa and the Early Indian Ocean World Exchange to circa 1300. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

2014 Co-editor (with Elizabeth Elbourne), Sex, Power, and Slavery. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.

2013 Co-Editor (with Sandra Evers and Michael Lambek), Contest for Land in Madagascar. Leiden: Brill

2013 Co-Editor (with Alessandro Stanziani), Bonded Labour and Debt in the Indian Ocean World. London: Pickering & Chatto.

2013 Co-Editor (with Alessandro Stanziani), Debt and Slavery in the Mediterranean and Atlantic Worlds. London: Pickering & Chatto .

2012 David Griffiths and the Missionary "History of Madagascar." Studies in Christian Mission. Leiden: Brill.

2011 Co-Editor (with Suzanne Miers and Joseph Miller), Child Slaves in the Modern World. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.

2009 An Economic History of Imperial Madagascar, 1750-1895: The Rise and Fall of an Island Empire. African Studies Series. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Paperback edition)

2009 Co-Editor (with Suzanne Miers and Joseph Miller), Children in Slavery through the Ages. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.

2009 Co-Editor (with Edward A. Alpers and Michael Salman), Resisting Bondage in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia. London: Routledge. (Paperback edition)

2008 Co-Editor (with Suzanne Miers and Joseph Miller), Women in Slavery. Vol.2: The Modern Atlantic. Slave and Post-Slave Societies and Cultures Series, 2 vols. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.

2007 Co-Editor (with Suzanne Miers and Joseph Miller), Women in Slavery. Vol.1: Africa, the Indian Ocean World, and the Medieval North Atlantic. Slave and Post-Slave Societies and Cultures Series, 2 vols. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.

2007 Co-Editor (with Nathalie Guibert), Wine, Society and Globalization. Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the Wine Industry. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

2006 Co-Editor (with Edward A. Alpers and Michael Salman), Resisting Bondage in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia. London: Routledge.

2005 An Economic History of Imperial Madagascar, 1750-1895: The Rise and Fall of an Island Empire. African Studies Series. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2005 Editor, Abolition and Its Aftermath in the Indian Ocean Africa and Asia. Studies in Slave and Post-Slave Societies and Cultures Series. London: Routledge.

2005 Co-Editor (with Edward Alpers and Michael Salman), Slavery and Resistance in Africa and Asia. London: Routledge.

2003 Editor, The Structure of Slavery in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia. Studies in Slave and Post-Slave Societies and Cultures Series. London: Routledge.

2003 Editor, Southern Africa and Regional Cooperation in the Indian Ocean Region. Curzon-IIAS Asian Studies Series. London and New York: Routledge Curzon.

1997 Editor, Directory of Scholars and Academic/Research Institutions with Interests in the Indian Ocean Rim. Johannesburg: Africa and Indian Ocean Project.

1995 Editor (with Pascale Belot), Me - Children's Poetry in the New South Africa. Johannesburg: Taliesin Editions.

1995 Editor, 1995 Directory of Scholars and Academic/Research Institutions with Interests in the Indian Ocean Rim. Johannesburg: Africa and Indian Ocean Project.

1992 Editor. Eileen Baker, "Yan Boogie": The autobiography of a Swansea Valley Girl. Johannesburg: Sigma Press.
 

Articles, Chapters and Reviews

2017 Ato Armah, Mengieng Ung, Isaac Luginaah, Ratana Chuenpagdee, Gwyn Campbell, “The unusual suspects? Perception of underlying causes of anthropogenic climate change in coastal communities in Cambodia and Tanzania.” Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
 
2016 “East Africa in the Early Indian Ocean World Slave Trade: The Zanj Revolt Reconsidered” in Gwyn Campbell (ed.), Africa and the Early Indian Ocean World Exchange to circa 1300 (London: Palgrave Macmillan).
 
2016 “Africa and the Early Indian Ocean World Exchange System in the Context of Human-Environment Interaction” in Gwyn Campbell (ed.), Africa and the Early Indian Ocean World Exchange to circa 1300 (London: Palgrave Macmillan).
 
2016 Mengieng Ung, Isaac Luginaah, Ratana Chuenpagdee, Gwyn Campbell, “Perceptions of Environmental Impacts and Self-Rated Health in Coastal Cambodia.” International Journal of Environmental Studies (15 Nov): 1-15
 
2016 Alexander Angsongna, Frederick Ato Armah, Sheila Boamah, Herbert Hambati, Isaac Luginaah, Ratana Chuenpagdee and Gwyn Campbell “A systematic review of resource habitat taboos and human health outcomes in the context of global environmental change” Global Biothics (10 Aug): 1-21
 
2016 F.A. Armah, I. Luginaah, H. Hambati, R. Chuenpagdee, and G. Campbell, “Evaluating Differences in Barriers to Climate Change Adaptation between the Poor and Nonpoor in Coastal Tanzania” in Walter Leal-Filho, ed. Climate Change Management: Innovation in Climate Change Adaptation (Berling: Springer): 365-388.
 
2016 “Malagasy Empires (under the Sakalava and Merina)” in John M. MacKenzie, Nigel R. Dalziel, Michael Charney, and Nick Doumanis, eds., Encyclopedia of Empire (London: Wiley-Blackwell) - online ISBN: 9781118455074.
 
2015 Frederick Armah, Mengieng Ung, Shelia Boamah, Isaac Luginaah and Gwyn Campbell, “Out of the frying pan into the fire? Urban penalty of the poor and multiple barriers to climate change adaptation in Cambodia and Tanzania,” Environmental Studies and Sciences (Oct), 1-18.
 
2015 “Robert Lyall: from Scottish Radical to Imperial British Agent at the Court of Imerina” Tsingy. Revue de l’OIES: Océan Indien, espaces et Sociétés 17: 49-66.
 
2015 Vimeo lecture “The Rise and Development of the Indian Ocean World Global Economy,” at the International Seminar on "Beyond Ibn Battuta: the Indian Ocean Across Disciplines and Time," Georgetown University, 3-7 August - https://vimeo.com/143771774 .
 
2015 Frederick Armah, Isaac Luginaah, Ratana Chuenpagdee, Herbert Hambati and Gwyn Campbell, "Historical Perspective and Risk of Multiple Neglected Tropical Diseases in Coastal Tanzania: Compositional and Contextual Determinants of Disease Risk" PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases (4 Aug) 9.8:e0003939. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003939
 
2015 Frederick Ato Armah, Genesis T Yengoh, Isaac Luginaah, Ratana Chuenpagdee, Herbert Hambati, and Gwyn Campbell, “Monitored versus Experience-Based Perceptions of
Environmental Change: Evidence from Coastal Tanzania,” Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences 12.2: 119-152.
 
2015 Frederick Ato Armah, Isaac Luginaah, Herbert Hambati, Ratana Chuenpagdee, and Gwyn Campbell, “Assessing barriers to adaptation to climate change in coastal Tanzania: Does where you live matter?” Population and Environment 37.2: 231-263.
 
2015 Frederick Ato Armah, Isaac Luginaah, Genesis T. Yengoh, Herbert Hambati, Ratana Chuenpagdee and Gwyn Campbell, “Analyzing the relationship between objective-subjective health status and public perception of climate change as a human health risk in coastal Tanzania” Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal 21.7: 1936-1959.

2014 “The Question of Slavery in Indian Ocean World History.” The Indian Ocean. Oceanic Connections and the Creation of New Societies, edited byAbdul Sheriff and Engseng Ho, 123-148. London: Hurst.

2013 "Servitude and the Changing Face of Demand for Labor in the Indian Ocean World, c.1800-1900." In Indian Ocean Slavery in the Age of Abolition, edited by Bob Harms, Bernard Freamon and David W. Blight, 23-44. New Haven: Yale University Press

2013 "Forest Depletion in Imperial Madagascar, c.1790-61." In Contest for Land in Madagascar, edited by Sandra Evers, Gwyn Campbell and Michael Lambek, 63-95. Leiden: Brill.

2013 Co-Author (with Alessandro Stanziani), "Introduction." In Bonded Labour and Debt in the Indian Ocean World, edited by Gwyn Campbell and Alessandro Stanziani, 1-20. London: Pickering & Chatto.

2013 "Debt and Slavery in Imperial Madagascar, 1790–1861." In Bonded Labour and Debt in the Indian Ocean World, edited by Gwyn Campbell and Alessandro Stanziani, 45-55. London: Pickering & Chatto.

2013 Co-Author (with Alessandro Stanziani), "Introduction: Debt and Slavery in the Mediterranean and Atlantic Worlds." In Debt and Slavery in the Mediterranean and Atlantic Worlds, edited by Gwyn Campbell and Alessandro Stanziani, 1-27. London: Pickering & Chatto.

2013 "Transformations in the Indian Ocean World Slave Trade since 1500." International Journal of South Asian Studies 5: 23-41.

2013 "Eating the Dead in Madagascar." South African Medical Journal 103.12: 1032-1034.

2012 "Children and Forced Labour in the Indian Ocean World, circa 1750-1900." In Labour, Coercion, and Economic Growth in Eurasia, 17th-20th Centuries, edited by Alessandro Stanziani, 87-112. Leiden: Brill.

2012 "Female Bondage and Agency in the Indian Ocean World." In African Communities in Asia and the Mediterranean: Identities between Integration and Conflict, edited by Ehud R. Toledano, 37-63. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press.

2012 "Thomas Phillips' Dream and the Founding of the Madagascar Mission." In The Bicentenary of the Academy at Neuadd Llwyd Trivium Occasional Papers 6, edited by Bryan Jones, 39-54.

2011 "Africa, the Indian Ocean World and the 'early modern': Historiographical Conventions and Problems." In Africa, Empire and Globalization: Essays in Honor of A.G. Hopkins, edited by Toyin Falola and Emily Brownell, 81-92. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.

2011 "Children and Bondage in Imperial Madagascar, ca.1790-1895." In Child Slaves in the Modern World, edited by Gwyn Campbell, Suzanne Miers and Joseph Miller, 37-63. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.

2011 "The East African and Indian Ocean Slave Trades, 1750-1914." In World History Encyclopedia, edited by Alfred J. Andrea and Carolyn Neel. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.

2011 "Slavery in the Indian Ocean World." In The Routledge History of Slavery, edited by Gad Heuman and Trevor Burnard, 52-63. London: Routledge.

2010 "The Role of Africa in the Emergence of the Indian Ocean World Global Economy." In Eyes Across the Water: Navigating the Indian Ocean, edited by Pamila Gupta, Isabel Hofmeyr and Michael Pearson, 170-196. Pretoria: UNISA Press.

2010 "Inde" and "Océan Indien." In Dictionaire des esclavages, edited by Olivier Pétré-Grenouilleau. Villatuerta, Spain: Larousse.

2010 "Bad kings." Review of Madagascar. A Short History, by Solofo Randrianja and Stephen Ellis. The Times Literary Supplement, 26 March.

2009 "Austronesian Mariners and Early Trans-Indian Ocean Crossing." In Navigating Maritime History Research, edited by Carina Ray and Jeremy Rich, 19-32. St. Johns, NL: Memorial University of Newfoundland.

2008 Review of Lost People. Magic and the Legacy of Slavery in Madagascar, by David Graeber. In American Historical Review 113.4: 1279–1280.

2008 "Madagascar." In Encyclopedia of the Modern World: Africa, edited by Clifton Crais and Peter N. Stearns. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2008 "The African Diaspora in Asia." In TADIA - The African Diaspora in Asia, Explorations on a Less Known Fact, edited by Kiran Kamal Prasad, 43-82. Bangalore: Jana Jagrati Prakashana.

2008 "The Indian Ocean World: Africa in the First Global Economy." In Cultural Currents of the Indian Ocean, special issue of Transforming Cultures eJournal 3.2: 32-44.

2008 "The African-Asian Diaspora: Myth or Reality?" In Uncovering the History of Africans in Asia, edited by Shihan de Silva Jayasuriya and Jean-Pierre Angenot, 37-56. Leiden: Brill. (Reprint of 2006 article in African and Asian Studies.)

2008 "Slave Trades and the Indian Ocean World." In India in Africa, Africa in India: Indian Ocean Cosmopolitanisms, edited by John C. Hawley, 17-51. Bloomington: Indian University Press.

2008 Review of Imperial Connections: India in the Indian Ocean Arena, 1860–1920, by Thomas R. Metcalf. In Journal of British Studies 47.2: 465-467.

2008 Co-author (with Suzanne Miers and Joseph Miller), "Strategies of Women and Constraints of Enslavement in the Modern Americas." In Women in Slavery. Vol.2: The Modern Atlantic, edited by Gwyn Campbell, Suzanne Miers and Joseph Miller, 1-24. Athens: Ohio University Press.

2008 "Slavery and the Trans-Indian Ocean World Slave Trade: A Historical Outline." In Cross Currents and Community Networks. The History of the Indian Ocean World, edited by Edward Alpers and Himanshu Ray, 273-291. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

2007 "Female Bondage in Imperial Madagascar, 1820-95." In Women and Slavery, edited by Gwyn Campbell, Suzanne Miers and Joseph Miller, 237-258. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.

2007 "Islam in Indian Ocean Africa Prior to the Scramble. A New Historical Paradigm." In Strugling with History: Islam and Cosmopolitanism in the Western Indian Ocean, edited by Edward Simpson and Kai Kresse, 1-50. London: Hurst.

2007 Co-author (with Nathalie Guibert), "The Impact of Globalisation on the Wine Industry." In Wine, Society and Globalization. Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the Wine Industry, edited by Gwyn Campbell and Nathalie Guibert, 1-15. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

2007 "Domestic Demand and Export Imperatives for French and Australian Wines: A Historical Overview." In Wine, Society and Globalization. Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the Wine Industry, edited by Gwyn Campbell and Nathalie Guibert, 153-178. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

2007 "South Africa: Wine, Black Labor and Black Empowerment." In Wine, Society and Globalization. Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the Wine Industry, edited by Gwyn Campbell and Nathalie Guibert, 221-240. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

2007 "Slave Trades: Indian Ocean." In New Encyclopedia of Africa Second Edition, edited by John Middleton and Joseph C. Miller. New York: Scribners.

2007 "Madagascar and Western Indian Ocean, History Of (Early to 1500)." In New Encyclopaedia of Africa Second Edition, edited by John Middleton and Joseph C. Miller, 445-447. Belmont, CA: Scribners/Thomson Gale.

2007 Co-author (with Edward Alpers), "Introduction; Slavery, Forced Labour and Resistance in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia." In Resisting Bondage in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia, edited by Edward Alpers, Gwyn Campbell and Michael Salman, 1-19. London: Routledge. '

2007 "Unfree labour, slavery and protest in imperial Madagascar." In Resisting Bondage in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia, edited by Edward Alpers, Gwyn Campbell and Michael Salman, 49-59. London: Routledge.

2006 "Islam in Indian Ocean Africa Prior to the Scramble." In Struggling with History: Islam and Cosmopolitanism in the Western Indian Ocean, edited by K. Kresse and E. Simpson, 43-92. London: Hurst.

2006 Co-Editor (with Suzanne Miers and Joseph Miller), Children in European Systems of Bonded Labour, special edition of Slavery & Abolition 27.2.

2006 Co-author (with Suzanne Miers and Joseph Miller), "Children in European Systems of Slavery: Introduction." Slavery & Abolition 27.2: 163-182.

2006 "Children and Slavery in the New World: A Review." Slavery & Abolition 27.2: 261-286.

2006 "Coffee production in Madagascar." In Coffee under Colonialism and Post-Colonialism:The Global Coffee Economy in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, 1500-1989 , edited by William Gervase Clarence-Smith and Steven Topik, 67-99. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Reprint of 2003 edition.)

2006 "The African-Asian Diaspora: Myth or Reality?" African and Asian Studies 5.3/4: 305-324.

2006 Co-Editor (with Nathalie Guibert), "The impact of globalisation on the wine industry," special edition of British Food Journal 108. 4.

2006 Co-author (with Nathalie Guibert), "Introduction: Old World strategies against New World Competition in a globalising wine industry." British Food Journal 108.4: 233-242.

2006 "Revistando o debate sobre as origens malgaxes em Madagascar." Revista Tempo 10.20: 17-32.

2006 Review of The African Diaspora in the Indian Ocean, by Shihan D. S. Jayasuriya and Richard Pankhurst. Slavery & Abolition 27.3: 411-413.

2006 Review of Maisons royales, demeures des grands à Madagascar, by Didier Nativel. Journal of African History 47.1: 153-154.

2006 Review of Creating the Creole Island: Slavery in Eighteenth-Century Mauritius, by Megan Vaughan. International Journal of African Historical Studies 39.2: 304-307.

2005 "Unfree Labour and the significance of abolition in Madagascar, c.1825-97." In Abolition and Its Aftermath in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia, edited by Gwyn Campbell, 66-82. London: Routledge.

2005 Co-Editor (with Suzanne Miers and Joseph Miller), "Women in Western Systems of Slavery," special edition of Slavery & Abolition 26.2.

2005 Co-author (with Suzanne Miers and Joseph Miller), "Introduction." Slavery & Abolition 26.2: 161-179.

2005 Co-author (with Edward Alpers), "Introduction: Slavery, Forced Labour and Resistance in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia." In Slavery and Resistance in Africa and Asia: Bonds of Resistance, edited by Edward Alpers, Gwyn Campbell and Michael Salman, 1-19. London: Routledge.

2005 "The African Diaspora in Asia." In Encyclopedia of Diasporas. Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World, edited by Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember and Ian Skoggard, 3-15. New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London and Moscow: Kluwer and Plenum.

2005 "The Debate over Malagasy origins." ZIFF Journal 2: 5-14.

2005 Review of Dhows and the Colonial Economy of Zanzibar, 1860-1979, by Erik Gilbert. American Historical Review 110.2: 596-597.

2004 "Slavery and Other Forms of Unfree Labour in the Indian Ocean World." In The Structure of Slavery in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia, edited by Gwyn Campbell, vii-xxxii. London: Routledge.

2004 "Madagascar." In Encyclopaedia of Environmental History, edited by Shepard Krech III, J.R. McNeill and Carolyn Merchant, 796-798. New York: Routledge.

2004 "Madagascar and the Europeans." In Encyclopedia of African History, edited by Kevin P. Shillington. London: Fitzroy Dearborn.

2004 "Madagascar: Colonial Period: French rule." In Encyclopedia of African History, edited by Kevin P. Shillington. London: Fitzroy Dearborn.

2004 "Madagascar: Prehistory and development to c.1500." In Encyclopedia of African History, edited by Kevin P. Shillington. London: Fitzroy Dearborn.

2004 "Madagascar: French incursions, war, treaties, colonization and conquest." In Encyclopedia of African History, edited by Kevin P. Shillington. London: Fitzroy Dearborn.

2004 "Madagascar: Evolution of the Merina kingdom." In Encyclopedia of African History, edited by Kevin P. Shillington. London: Fitzroy Dearborn.

2004 "Madagascar and the Europeans." In Encyclopedia of African History, edited by Kevin P. Shillington. London: Fitzroy Dearborn.

2004 "The Slave Trade in East Africa: Origins and Growth in the 18th Century." In Encyclopedia of African History, edited by Kevin P. Shillington. London: Fitzroy Dearborn.

2004 Review of Société et luttes anticoloniales à Madagascar (1896 à 1946), by Solofo Randrianja. Journal of African History 45.2: 344-346.

2003 "The Indian Ocean Rim (IOR) Economic Association: history and prospects." In Southern Africa and Regional Cooperation in the Indian Ocean Region, edited by Gwyn Campbell, 1-41. London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon.

2003 "The IOR and its Economic Groupings." In Southern Africa and Regional Cooperation in the Indian Ocean Region, edited by Gwyn Campbell, 220-237. London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon.

2003 Co-author (with R.R. Subramanian), "The IOR and the Strategic Importance of the Indian Ocean region in the Post-Cold War era." In Southern Africa and Regional Cooperation in the Indian Ocean Region, edited by Gwyn Campbell, 249-268. London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon.

2003 Editor, "The Structure of Slavery in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia," special edition of Slavery & Abolition 24.2.

2003 "Slavery and Other Forms of Unfree Labour in the Indian Ocean World." Slavery & Abolition 24.2: vii-xxxii.

2003 "Coffee production in Madagascar." In Coffee under Colonialism and Post-Colonialism: The Global Coffee Economy in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, 1500-1989, edited by William Gervase Clarence-Smith and Steven Topik, 67-99. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2003 Review of Forget Colonialism? Sacrifice and the Art of Memory in Madagascar, by Jennifer Cole. American Historical Review 108.1: 307-308.

2002 "Larceny in the Highlands of Madagascar." Slavery & Abolition 23.1: 137-146.

2002 Review of Ancestors, Power and History in Madagascar, by Karen Middleton. African Studies Review 45.1: 169-171.

2001 "Imperial Rivalry in the Western Indian Ocean and Schemes to Colonise Madagascar, 1769-1826." In Afrikanische Beziehungen, Netzwerke und Räume, edited by Lawrence Marfaing and Brigitte Reinwald, 111-130. Münster: Lit Verlag.

2001 Review of History and Memory in the Age of Enslavement. Becoming Merina in Highland Madagascar, 1770-1822, by Pier M. Larson. H-SAfrica April: http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=5090.

2000 "Madagascar and the Slave Trade in the south west Indian Ocean." In Globalisation and the South West Indian Ocean, edited by Sandra J.T. Evers and Vinesh Y. Hookoomsing, 91-109. Leiden and Mauritius: International Institute for Asian Studies and University of Mauritius.

2000 "Regional Integration in the Southwest Indian Ocean: History and Prospects." In Globalisation and the South West Indian Ocean, edited by Sandra J.T. Evers and Vinesh Y. Hookoomsing, 213-228. Leiden and Mauritius: International Institute for Asian Studies and University of Mauritius.

1998 "The Indian Ocean Rim (IOR) Economic Association: A Giant in the making?" In New Developments in Asian Studies, edited by Paul van der Velde and Alex McKay, 361-371. London: Kegan Paul International.

1998 "The Development of the IOR (Indian Ocean Rim) Association and its Implications for the Commonwealth." Cultures of the Commonwealth 4: 77-98.

1997 "The Origins, Development and Future of the IOR." In International Institute for Asian Studies Yearbook. Leiden: IIAS.

1997 Review of A History of Madagascar, by Mervyn Brown. Journal of African History 38.1: 159-160.

1996 "The Cocoa Frontier in Madagascar, the Comoro Islands and Réunion, c.1820-1970." In Cocoa Pioneer Fronts since 1800, edited by W. G. Clarence-Smith, 195-211. London: Macmillan.

1996 "'Out of Africa': Madagascar and South Africa since the 1820s." In Paris, Pretoria and the African Continent. The International Relations of States and Societies in Transition, edited by Chris Alden and Jean-Pascal Daloz, 125-139. London: Macmillan.

1996 "France, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean." Wolhuter Mail 3: Rs5 and 10.

1996 "Theories concerning the Origins of the Malagasy." In Australes, edited by Marc Michel and Yvan Paillard, 127-153. Paris: l'Harmattan.

1996 Co-author (with R.Hewitt, A. Krause, A. Goldman and T. Jenkins), ";ß-Globin Haplotype Analysis Suggests that a Major Source of Malagasy Ancestry is Derived from Bantu-Speaking Negroids." American Journal of Human Genetics 58: 1303-1308.

1996 "The Origins and Demography of Slaves in Nineteenth Century Madagascar: A Chapter in the History of the African Ancestry of the Malagasy." In Fanandevozana ou esclavage, edited by François Rajaison, 5-38. Antananarivo: Musée d'Art et d'Archéologie de l'Université d'Antananarivo.

1996 Review of Insiders and Outsiders. The Indian Working Class of Durban 1910-1990, by Bill Freund. South African Journal of Economic History 10.2: 95-96.

1995 "Introduction." In Me - Children's Poetry in the New South Africa, edited by Gwyn Campbell and Pascale Belot. Johannesburg: Taliesin Editions.

1995 Co-author (with Mario Scerri), "The Indian Ocean Rim - Possibilities for an Association." South African Journal of International Affairs 2.2: 11-37.

1995 Review of The Delegate for Africa, by Baruch Hirson and Gwyn Williams. New Welsh Review 31: 87-88.

1995 Review of Madagascar (World Bibliographical Series) vol.165, by Hilary Bradt. Journal of African History 36.1: 170.

1994 "The History of Nineteenth Century Madagascar: 'le royaume' or 'l'empire'?" Omaly sy Anio 33-36: 331-379.

1994 "The State and Pre-Colonial Demographic History: The Case of Nineteenth-Century Madagascar." Omaly sy Anio 29-32: 189-223. (Reprint of 1991 article.)

1993 "The Structure of Trade in Madagascar, 1750-1810." International Journal of African Historical Studies 26.1: 111-148.

1993 "Indians and Commerce in Madagascar, 1869-1896." African Studies Seminar Paper 345 (23 August).

1993 Review of A Green Estate. Restoring Independence in Madagascar, by Gillian Feeley-Harnik. Journal of African History 34: 533-534.

1992 "Introduction." In "Yan Boogie": The autobiography of a Swansea Valley Girl, by Eileen Baker. Johannesburg: Sigma Press.

1992 "Crisis of Faith and Colonial Conquest. The Impact of Famine and Disease in late nineteenth-century Madagascar." In Cahiers d'Études Africaines 32.127: 409-453.

1992 "The Origins of the Malagasy." Bulletin of the Edenvale Museum & Cultural Society.

1992 Review of History of Anti-Colonial Resistance and Protest in the kingdoms of Buganda and Bunyoro 1862-1899, by V. Pawliková -Vilhanová. African Studies 51.2: 304-306.

1991 "The State and Pre-colonial Demographic History: The Case of Nineteenth Century Madagascar." Journal of African History 32.3: 415-445.

1991 "The Menalamba Revolt and Brigandry in Imperial Madagascar, 1820-1897." International Journal of African Historical Studies 24.2: 259-291.

1991 "An Industrial Experiment in Pre-colonial Madagascar, 1825-1861." Journal of Southern African Studies 17.3: 525-559.

1991 "Disease, Cattle and Slaves: The Development of Trade between Natal and Madagascar, 1875-1904." African Economic History 19: 105-133.

1990 "A Estrutura do Comércio Marítimo de Inhambane nos meados do século XIX." Arquivo – Boletim do Arquivo Histórico de Moçambique 7: 151-162.

1990 "Ratsiraka's Dilemma and the South African-Malagasy Rapprochement," published under the title "An island where the sky fell in." The Daily Mail - Johannesburg, 23 August 1990.

1990 "Madagascar and South Africa - The Historical Connection," published under the title "Madagascan [sic] ties that go back 300 years." The Daily Mail - Johannesburg, 23 August 1990.

1989 "Madagascar and Mozambique in the Slave Trade of the Western Indian Ocean, 1800-1861." In The Economics of the Indian Ocean Slave Trade in the Nineteenth Century, edited by W.G. Clarence-Smith, 166-193. London: Frank Cass.

1989 "The East African Slave Trade, 1861-1895: The 'Southern' Complex." International Journal of African Historical Studies 22.1: 1-27.

1989 "Madagascar, the 'Missing Link' in the East African Slave Trade of the Nineteenth Century." Bulletin (HSRC) 1.7: 2.

1988 "Missionaries, Fanompoana and the Menalamba Revolt in late nineteenth century Madagascar." Journal of Southern African Studies 15.1: 54-73.

1988 "Slavery and Fanompoana: The Structure of Forced Labour in Imerina (Madagascar), 1790-1861." Journal of African History 29.3: 463-86.

1988 "Currency Crisis, Missionaries, and the French Takeover in Madagascar, 1861-1895." International Journal of African Historical Studies 21.2: 273-289.

1988 "Madagascar and Mozambique in the Slave Trade of the Western Indian Ocean, 1800-1861." Slavery & Abolition 9.3: 165-192.

1988 "Gold Mining and the French Takeover of Madagascar, 1883-1914." African Economic History 17: 1-28.

1988 Review of Norwegian Missions in African History, Vol.2: Madagascar, edited by Finn Fuglestad and Jarle Simensen. Journal of African History 29.2: 563.

1987 "The Adoption of Autarky in Imperial Madagascar, 1820-1835." Journal of African History 28.3: 395-411.

1987 "The Role of the Merina State in the Decline of the Imperial Merina Economy, 1875-1895." In The State and the Market: Studies in the Economic and Social History of the Third World, edited by Clive Dewey, 2-23. New Delhi: Manohar.

1986 "The Monetary and Financial Crisis of the Merina Empire, 1810-1826." South African Journal of Economic History I.1: 99-118.

1986 "Toamasina (Tamatave) and the Growth of Foreign Trade in Imperial Madagascar, 1862-1895." In Figuring African Trade, edited by G. Liesegang, A. Pascha and A. Jones, 525-556. Berlin: Reimer.

1985 Review of Le Menabe - histoire d'une colonisation, by Bernard Schlemmer. International Journal of African Historical Studies 18.2: 335-336.

1984 "Madagascar and the Slave Trade, 1810-1895." Omaly sy Anio 17-20: 279-310. (Reprint of 1981 article.)

1984 Review of Les souverains de Madagascar, edited by Françoise Raison-Jourde. Journal of African History 25: 473-475.

1982 "Problèmes de main-d'oeuvre et de transport à Madagascar au XIXe siècle (1810-1895)." Omaly sy Anio 16: 21-39. (Translation of 1980 article)

1981 "Madagascar and the Slave Trade, 1810-1895." Journal of African History 22.2: 203-227.

1981 Review of Changements sociaux dans l"ouest malgache, edited by G. Sautter. Journal of African History 22: 573.

1980 "Labour and the Transport Problem in Imperial Madagascar, 1810-1895." Journal of African History 21.3: 341-356.