Team 1 - The Development and Structure of the IOW Global Economy
This team is researching five main themes: (i) the development and structure of the IOW global economy; (ii) maritime connections and exchanges within Africa and between the western Indian Ocean, as well as between that region (the Western IOW) and the wider IOW; (iii) the relationship between the environment and enslavement/slave trades in the IOW (with a focus on the Western IOW); (iv) human migration across the Western IOW; and (v) Western IOW environmental history (human-environment interaction).
Latest Team Publications
|2012 Gwyn Campbell,"Female Bondage and Agency in the Indian Ocean World." In African Communities in Asia and the Mediterranean: Identities between Integration and Conflict, edited by Ehud R. Toledano, 37-63. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2012.
2012 Hideaki Suzuki, "Enslaved population and Indian owners along the East African Coast: Exploring the Rigby Manumission List, 1860-1861." History in Africa 39: 209-240.
Gwyn Campbell, McGill University
Gwyn Campbell holds a Canada Research Chair in Indian Ocean World History at McGill University. Born in Madagascar, he grew up in Wales where he worked as a BBC radio producer in English and Welsh. He holds degrees in economic history from the universities of Birmingham and Wales and has taught in India (Voluntary Service Overseas) as well as at universities in Madagascar, Britain, South Africa, Belgium and France. He served as an academic consultant for the South African Government in a series of inter-governmental meetings which led to the formation of an Indian Ocean regional association in 1997. A specialist in the economic history of the Indian Ocean region, he is a member of McGill’s Centre for Developing Area Studies (CDAS) and African Studies Program. He also established the Zanzibar portion of McGill’s Africa Field Studies Program in collaboration with IOWC associate Abdul Sherrif.
Amitava Chowdhury, Queen's University
Amitava Chowdhury's research focuses on identity formation processes of the South Asian indentured labor diaspora in the Caribbean and the Indian Ocean. His previous research includes historical archaeology of maroon slave sites and indentured labor sites in Mauritius. His archaeological site, the Aapravasi Ghat, an indentured labor immigration depot in Mauritius, was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2006. In July 2008, his archaeological site, Le Morne Brabant, a fugitive slave site in Mauritius, was also inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
His publications include: Horizons of Memory: Indian indentured labor and identity in the Caribbean and the Indian Ocean (forthcoming); Aapravasi Ghat: Past and Present: Archaeological Investigations (Port Louis, Mauritius: Aapravasi Ghat Trust Fund, 2003); "The symbolic and archaeological significance of Le Morne Brabant: A fugitive slave site of Mauritius." Journal of Indian Ocean Archaeology 3 (2006): 50-61; "Theoretical Reflections on Maroon Archaeology in Mauritius," Revi Kiltir Kreol 3 (2003): 55-59; "Indentured labor" in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World, Volume 3, 93-95; "Coolie Trade" in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World, Volume 2, 339-341; "Diasporas: An overview" in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World, Volume 2, 510-13; and several encyclopedia articles and book reviews in Itinerario and World History Connected.
Ulrike Freitag, Freie Universität
Professor Ulrike Freitag is director of Berlin’s Zentrum Moderner Orient (Centre for Modern Oriental Studies) and a professor of Islamic Studies at the Freie Universität (Free University of Berlin).
A graduate in History, Islamic Studies and German Literature from the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, Freiburg, Dr. Freitag has previously taught at Fern-Universität, Hagen and the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Professor Freitag is Co-Editor of SOAS/Routledge/Curzon Studies on the Middle East, Editor of ZMO Studien, Co-Editor of Geschichte und Gesellschaft and Co-Editor of the Journal of Global History. She is a member of the Selection Committee for the Georg-Foster-Scholarships, Alexander-von-Humboldt Foundation, and on the Advisory Board for Oriental Institute of Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft in Beirut.
K. Rajan, Pondicherry University
Professor K. Rajan received his MA in Ancient History and Archaeology from Madras University in 1980 and obtained his PhD in 1988 from Mysore University. He has conducted excavations in Kodumanal, Mayiladumparai, Thandikudi and Porunthal, in addition to participating in underwater diving operations in Poompuhar (Tamil Nadu) and Dwarka (under Dr. S.R. Rao). He has authored several books including the recent Megalithic Builders of South India : Archaeo-Anthropological Investigations on Human Skeletal Remains from Kodumanal (2011) and the two-volume Catalogue of Archaeological Sites in Tamil Nadu (2009). Professor K. Rajan specializes in South Indian archaeology, proto-historic and historical archaeology, trade and commerce, and traditional technology. He currently teaches in the Department of History at Pondicherry University.
Pedro Machado, Indiana University
Pedro Machado is an Assistant Professor in the Department of History at Indiana University, Bloomington. He holds an MA in History (with distinction, 1997) from the University of New Hampshire and a PhD in History (2005)from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. He has previously held posts at New York University (2005-7), Long Island University (2002-3) and the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (1999-2002). Dr. Machado also worked as a researcher on the Atlantic Slave Trade CD-Rom Project, jointly managed by the Universities of Hull, Chicago, Rochester and Wisconsin (2004), and worked on the Global History of Leprosy Project based at the Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine, Oxford University (2003).
Dr. Machado, whose languages include Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, Afrikaans, Gujarati, French and Kiswahili, has been the recipient of numerous research awards and fellowships, including a Fundacao Gulbenkian Research Award (1998), a Postgraduate Fellowship (2000-2001) and a Visiting Fellowship (2005) from the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London (2005). He has researched and published on various aspects of Indian Ocean World trade, notably on India-Mozambique maritime exchange. He is currently conducting research for a manuscript under preparation entitled, "Mobile Histories: South Asian, Africa and the western Indian Ocean in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries."
Himanshu Ray, Jawaharlal Nehru University
Himanshu Prabha Ray is a Full Professor in the Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
Professor Ray is an internationally-renowned archaeologist who has participated in excavations at Purana Qila, New Delhi (1971-72 & 1972-73); Mathura (1973-74); Ban Tha Kae, Lopburi Province, Thailand (December 1989); Arikamedu near Pondicherry (December 1990-February 1991); and Mahasthan, Bangladesh (February 1993). She has also participated in an exploratory survey of indigenous boat-building techniques on the Orissa coast (February 1996).
The recipient of a number of prestigious research awards - most recently the Shivdasani Fellow at the Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies, Oxford (October-December 2005), and the Jawaharlal Nehru University Visiting Fellow in Arts at the University of Sydney, Australia (June 2005) - Professor Ray is a member of the Board at the School of Social Sciences and a member of the Special Committee for the Centre for Sanskrit Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University. She is also a member of the Archaeological Society of India, the Indian Association for Prehistoric & Quaternary Studies, the Indian History Congress and the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association.
Himladevi Soodyall, University of the Witwatersrand
Professor Himla Soodyall is the Director of the Human Genomic Diversity and Disease Research Unit (HGDDRU) that was established by the South African Medical Research Council in conjunction with the National Health Laboratory Service and the University of the Witwatersrand. She has received degrees from the University of Durban-Westville (B.Sc., Microbiology, Biochemistry, 1985; B.Sc. (Honours), Microbiology, 1986) and the University of the Witwatersrand (M.Sc., Biotechnology, 1986; PhD, Human Genetics, 1993). Professor Soodyall was nominated to the Academy of Science, South Africa, in 2003 and received the Order of Mapungubwe, Bronze medal, from President Mbeki for her contribution to science.
Professor Soodyall’s primary research goal is to “map and model genetic diversity in sub-Saharan African populations to reconstruct the history of African populations as well as to understand the mechanism of population susceptibility to disease.”
In 2005, Professor Soodyall became the sub-Saharan African Principal Investigator of the Genographic Project, in which capacity she has forged a collaboration with Gwyn Campbell of the Indian Ocean World Centre, McGill.
Alessandro Stanziani, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales
Alessandro Stanziani is a Professor at EHESS (École des hautes études en sciences sociales), Paris, and a Research Director at the CNRS (Centre National des Recherches Scientifiques). He is the author of several books, including the recently published Rules of Exchange: French Capitalism in Comparative Perspective, Eighteenth to Early Twentieth Centuries and Bâtisseurs d'empires: Russie, Chine et Inde à la croisée des mondes, XVe-XIXe siècle. His fields of interests center on Russian economic and social history, food history, the history of competition in the West, and the global history of labour in Eurasia.
Lakshmi Subramanian, Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta
Dr. Subramanian received her PhD in 1985 from the Visva-Bharati University in Santiniketan, India. She taught at Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, before taking up her current post at the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta. Some of her recent publications include:
• A History of India, 1707-1857. Orient Blackswan, Delhi, 2010.
• Veena Dhanammal: The making of a legend. Routledge, 2009.
• “Commerce, circulation and consumption: Indian Ocean communities in historical perspective,” in Indian Ocean Studies: Cultural, Social, and Political Perspectives (Routledge, 2009).
Her current areas of research include early colonial Bombay and the changing maritime dispensation in the Indian Ocean, and Indian Ocean journalism.
Hideaki Suzuki, Japan Society for the Promotion of the Science
Hideaki Suzuki is a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow with the Japan Society for the Promotion of the Science. He received his PhD from University of Tokyo in 2010 with his thesis on slave traders in the 19th century western Indian Ocean. His research interests are the Indian Ocean World history, slave trade, slavery, whaling and medieval Arab geography. He uses not only archival documents but also data from his field research which covers most of the western Indian Ocean. His current personal project is to set the western Indian Ocean World from the perspective of human-nature relationship, and apply this model to describe world history.
Alberto Tiburcio Urquiola, McGill University
Alberto Tiburcio is currently studying a PhD at the Institute of Islamic Studies at McGill University and holds an MA in Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures from Columbia University (2007) and a BA in Latin American Literature from the Universidad Iberoamericana (2005) in Mexico.
His main fields of interests are social and economic history and -to a lesser extent- legal thought during the Safavid period in Iran (1501-1722). He is currently working with the MCRI on a project on disease and calamity in the context of Safavid Iran, looking at their major social ramifications as well as at some legal issues associated with them.
His working languages include Spanish (native), Persian, Arabic, French, and Portuguese.
Rashed Chowdhury, McGill University
Rashed Chowdhury completed his PhD in history at McGill, focusing on the socio-political context of the Hijaz Railway built by the Ottoman Empire in the early 20th century. Rashed’s broader interests include the relationship between Islam and the state in the Middle East and beyond, the socio-political ramifications of modernisation in the Muslim world, as well as Muslim minorities in Europe. Rashed holds a BA (Hons.) in international relations from Grinnell College (Iowa) and an MA in Islamic studies from McGill. He is currently doing postdoctoral work on Russian explorers and travelers in the Indian Ocean World, from Africa to South-East Asia.
Anna Winterbottom, McGill University
Anna is currently researching the history of medicine in the Indian Ocean in the early modern period (c. 1400-1800). Anna has a BA in Modern History from the University of Oxford and both her MA in African and Asian History and PhD are from the University of London. Her PhD dissertation and forthcoming monograph focus on the connections between scholarship and early colonialism. Anna previously taught history and worked with the Centre for World Environmental History at the University of Sussex, where she remains a Research Associate. She has worked for the last ten years as a freelance academic editor and copywriter as well as in information and research roles for non-governmental organizations. Her research interests include global history, history of the Indian Ocean, histories of science and environment, history of ideas, histories of colonialism and development, history of language and digital humanities.
Omri Bassewitch Frenkel, McGill University
Omri is a PhD candidate in history at McGill University. He holds a BA in East-Asian Studies and History (2004) and an MA in History (2010), both from the Tel Aviv University. Omri’s prospective PhD thesis will be looking at the development of a Spanish colonial cuisine in the Philippines. This study will attempt to trace Spanish food consumption patterns in sixteenth and seventeenth-century Philippine Islands. His broader research interests include sixteenth and seventeenth-century European trade and imperial adventures in Southeast Asia and the South China Sea, early modern European interaction with overseas Chinese communities, and the Asian-European food and spice trade, and its impact on food consumption in Europe.
Carl Hughes, McGill University
Carl is finishing the final year of his undergrad at McGill in Geography and International Development. He is currently working on a mapping application of the IOWC MCRI database. This dynamic and interactive application will allow users to access and visualize data using the Google Earth plugin. He also creates digital maps for various books and publications using the IOWC's geospatial database.
Peter Hynd, McGill University
Peter Hynd is a PhD student in the History Department at McGill University. He is currently researching the production, consumption, trade and regulation of alcohol and drugs in India during the colonial period. He completed his BA in history at the University of Toronto in 2007 and an MA in history at McMaster University in 2010. His major MA research project was a history of the Australian wine industry and his PhD research aims to continue the study of the economic and social history of alcohol in the context of globalization and colonialism.
Lorna Mungur, McGill University
Lorna Mungur holds a BA in History from McGill University. Her research interests include the different forms of slavery and unfree labour in the Western Indian Ocean world, the relation between natural disasters and unfree labour, and British colonies in the Indian Ocean world. Lorna will start her MA in History at McGill in the fall of 2012 and is currently working on Portuguese archival material for the MCRI project.
Emrah Sahin, McGill University
Emrah Sahin is broadly interested in Late Ottoman Diplomacy and Society, Americans in the Middle East, Foreign Missionary Activity and Muslim Migrations. He holds degrees from Middle East Technical University, Bilkent University and McGill University. His dissertation, for which he was awarded a Turkish Cultural Foundation Fellowship, explains how Ottoman bureaucrats dealt with foreign missionary activity in specific parts of the Empire. Sahin has also received a Faculty of Arts Student Teaching Award at McGill and won the Best Paper Prize at the Pierre Savard Conference. Currently, he is translating an edited book on North Africa, examining Turkish sources on the main themes of MCRI project and is writing a chapter on the historical significance of citizenship debates. His articles have appeared in Cultural Sociology of the Middle East, Asia and Africa, International Journal of Turkish Studies, The Journal of the Historical Society and World History Bulletin.